Cover Image
close this bookCare in Normal Birth (WHO, 1996, 60 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
close this folder1. INTRODUCTION
View the document1.1 Preamble
View the document1.2 Background
View the document1.3 Risk Approach in Maternity Care
View the document1.4 Definition of Normal Birth
View the document1.5 Aim of the Care in Normal Birth, Tasks of the Caregiver
View the document1.6 The Caregiver in Normal Birth
close this folder2. GENERAL ASPECTS OF CARE IN LABOUR
View the document2.1 Assessing the Well-being of the Woman during Labour
View the document2.2 Routine Procedures
View the document2.3 Nutrition
View the document2.4 Place of Birth
View the document2.5 Support in Childbirth
close this folder2.6 Labour Pain
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View the document2.6.1 Non-pharmacological methods of pain relief
View the document2.6.2 Pharmacological pain relief in labour
close this folder2.7 Monitoring the Fetus during Labour
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View the document2.7.1 Assessment of amniotic fluid
View the document2.7.2 Monitoring the fetal heart rate
View the document2.7.3 Fetal scalp blood examination
View the document2.7.4 Comparison of auscultation and electronic fetal monitoring
View the document2.8 Cleanliness
close this folder3. CARE DURING THE FIRST STAGE OF LABOUR
View the document3.1 Assessing the Start of Labour
View the document3.2 Position and Movement during the First Stage of Labour
View the document3.3 Vaginal Examination
View the document3.4 Monitoring the Progress of Labour
close this folder3.5 Prevention of Prolonged Labour
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View the document3.5.1 Early amniotomy
View the document3.5.2 Intravenous infusion of oxytocin
View the document3.5.3 Intramuscular oxytocin administration
close this folder4. CARE DURING THE SECOND STAGE OF LABOUR
View the document4.1 Physiological Background
View the document4.2 The Onset of the Second Stage
View the document4.3 The Onset of Pushing during the Second Stage
View the document4.4 The Procedure of Pushing during the Second Stage
View the document4.5 Duration of the Second Stage
View the document4.6 Maternal Position during the Second Stage
close this folder4.7 Care of the Perineum
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View the document4.7.1 “Guarding the perineum” during delivery
View the document4.7.2 Perineal tear and episiotomy
close this folder5. CARE DURING THE THIRD STAGE OF LABOUR
View the document5.1 Background
View the document5.2 Prophylactic use of Oxytocics
View the document5.3 Controlled Cord Traction
View the document5.4 Active Versus Expectant Management of the Third Stage
View the document5.5 Timing of Cord Clamping
View the document5.6 Immediate Care of the Newborn
View the document5.7 Care of the Mother Immediately after Delivery of the Placenta
close this folder6. CLASSIFICATION OF PRACTICES IN NORMAL BIRTH
View the document(introduction...)
View the document6.1 Practices which are Demonstrably Useful and Should be Encouraged
View the document6.2 Practices which are Clearly Harmful or Ineffective and Should be Eliminated
View the document6.3 Practices for which Insufficient Evidence Exists to Support a Clear Recommendation and which Should be Used with Caution while Further Research Clarifies the Issue
View the document6.4 Practices which are Frequently Used Inappropriately
View the document7. REFERENCES
View the document8. LIST OF PARTICIPANTS
View the documentSAFE MOTHERHOOD RESOURCE LIST
View the documentBACK COVER

(introduction...)

This chapter classifies the practices common in the conduct of normal childbirth into four categories, dependent on their usefulness, effectiveness and harmfulness. The classification reflects the views of the Technical Working Group on Normal Birth. Arguments for this classification are not given here; the reader is referred to the preceding chapters, which are the outcome of the reflection and debates of the Working Group, based on the best currently available evidence (numbers of chapters between brackets).

CATEGORY A: