A sense of ''community''
Working from a community-based perspective, however, requires the
existence of community-based organisations which reflect the views and actual
concerns of the majority of community members. While a "community" in the strict
sense of the term may not exist in all low-income urban areas, the common
problems and concerns which people face in a sometimes hostile environment can
create a sphere of common interests, and a certain sense of solidarity. In the
best scenario, these common needs could prompt community action to promote
interests appropriate to all its members.
The sense of community is most clearly expressed when a group of
migrants confront the authorities for the right to settle on a piece of land.
Other examples of joint efforts or self-help activities include improving
environmental or living conditions by upgrading housing or building drainage;
arranging for garbage disposal; organising security measures; or attempting to
establish access to utilities such as water supply and electricity. In other
words, the inherent dynamism found in most communities is capable of taking them
beyond the survival level to launching further developmental