Cover Image
close this bookPromoting Health Through Schools - Report of a WHO Expert Committee on Comprehensive School Health Education and Promotion (WHO, 1997, 104 p.)
close this folder3. Strengthening school health programmes at the international, national, and local levels
close this folder3.8 National-level strategies
View the document(introduction...)
View the document3.8.1 Antigua
View the document3.8.2 Bahrain
View the document3.8.3 Canada
View the document3.8.4 The European Network of Health Promoting Schools: Bulgaria’s experience
View the document3.8.5 India
View the document3.8.6 Indonesia
View the document3.8.7 Pakistan
View the document3.8.8 Philippines
View the document3.8.9 United States


At the national level, the strategies that can improve school health programmes include the following: establishing formal collaboration between the ministries of health and education; active health surveillance to establish priorities for action; providing support, through both resources and technical assistance, to local school districts and schools; and establishing the means by which governmental and nongovernmental organizations can coordinate their efforts.

The Expert Committee recommended that those pursuing strategies to improve school health programmes at the national level should:

· identify the responsible organizational staff and unit;
· develop a strategic plan;
· implement activities to achieve the plan’s objectives;
· monitor achievement of objectives and modify the plan as necessary;
· establish an intra-organizational working group, as appropriate;
· establish an inter-organizational working group of all concerned parties.

From the following examples from both developed and developing countries, it can be seen that the means of implementing these strategies can be adapted to other countries. These examples require varying levels of resources.