|Managing Water for Peace in the Middle East: Alternative Strategies : Solar-Hydro; Hydro-Power; Groundwater-Hydro; Reverse-Osmosis Desalination (UNU, 1995, 309 p.)|
|6. Summary of conclusions, and recommendations for further study 6 Summary of conclusions, and recommendations for further study|
Further research will be needed to evaluate the technical and institutional feasibilities of the Mediterranean-Dead Sea or Red Sea-Dead Sea conduit scheme and Aqaba hybrid seawater pumped storage with and without hydropowered RO desalination.
Technical issues requiring study include:
>> reassessment of the actual evaporation that will occur from the surface of the Dead Sea after impounding seawater from the Mediterranean, including in-situ tank trials and laboratory model tests;
>> environmental assessment to predict the climatic change and the ecological effect on life in the area;
>> prototype trials of low-pressure-type (40-50 kg/cm²) membrane modules for seawater RO desalination, including the extension of life from the present three years up to five to seven years;
>> design of materials to avoid corrosion of hydraulic structures from seawater and brine reject water.
Institutional issues include:
>> riparian-rights issues relating to multinational use of the Dead Sea surface, including the allocation of potential energy from evaporation from its surface;
>> long-term demilitarization of the Mediterranean-Dead Sea or Red SeaDead Sea conduit route and arrangements for project management by an international agency such as the United Nations, including the establishment of the Middle East Development Bank.