|Resettlement of Displaced Population - 1st Edition (DHA/UNDRO - DMTP - UNDP, 1995, 60 p.)|
|Part 4: Options of place|
In this part of the module you will learn about:
· the importance of place
· spontaneous and organized repatriation
· integration into the host community
· self-initiated, aided and organized relocation
All persons who have been displaced from their homes theoretically have three options for a resettlement location:
1) They may return to the residence or area from which displacement occurred.
2) They may integrate into the host community.
3) They may relocate to a third site.
In reality, all options may not be available. Some displaced persons have no choice except to relocate. Returning "home" or remaining in the country of refuge may be impossible. The choice of location made by displaced families is not always the option preferred by planners, officials or assistance agencies. National and international agencies, however, may be required to assist displaced persons in all of these circumstances.
"Place" is for most people much more than a geographic location or an economic asset easily substituted or replaced. Forests, farmlands, worship and burial sites, physical surroundings, and the landmarks of community may have deep social, psychological and cultural significance. "Place" to residents is not just a location but a way of life. "Place" includes the social organizations and living arrangements people have tailored over time. In general, the longer a community has lived in an area the more deeply the significance of "place." Where people have lived in an area for centuries or millennia, as with many indigenous groups, their integration with "place" is so complete that displacement is often no less than disastrous. The significance of "place" is an important factor for displaced people in deciding where they will "settle" after their displacement.
Q. What are some of the characteristics of "place"?
A way of life, preferred social structure and lifestyle, social and cultural attachments, landmarks in the community with deep significance.