The Latin American and Caribbean countries have seen growing
pressure on water resources, with increasing demand and costs, for agricultural,
domestic and industrial consumption. This has brought about the need to maximize
and augment the use of existing or unexploited sources of freshwater. There are
many modern and traditional alternative technologies for improving the utility
and augmenting the supply of water being employed in various countries, but with
limited application elsewhere due to the lack of information transfer among
water resources managers and planners.
The Source Book of Alternative Technologies for Freshwater
Augmentation in Latin America and the Caribbean was prepared by the Unit of
Sustainable Development and Environment of the General Secretariat of the
Organization of American States (OAS) as part of the joint United Nations
Environment Programme (UNEP) Water Branch and International Environmental
Technology Centre (IETC) initiative to provide water resource managers and
planners, especially in developing countries and in countries with economies in
transition, with information on the range of technologies that have been
developed and used in the various countries throughout the world.
This information was gathered through surveys carried out on a
regional basis - in Africa, Western Asia, East and Central Europe, Latin America
and the Caribbean, and Small Island Developing States. The results, including
this Source Book, will be compiled into a Global Source Book on
Alternative Technologies for Freshwater Augmentation to be used throughout the
countries of the world.
It is hoped that the technologies summarized here will be useful
in the sustainable development of the countries of Latin America, the Caribbean
and other regions.
Environmental Technology Centre
Kirk P. Rodgers
Sustainable Development and Environment
Organization of American
Washington, D.C., U.S.A.
MAP NO 3453 UNITED