|Habitat Debate - Vol. 5 - No. 2 - 1999 - Construction and Architecture (HABITAT, 1999, 60 p.)|
Civil Society and the Aid Industry
Edited by Alison Van Rooy
Published by Earthscan Publications Ltd., London, in association with the North-South Institute
Northern governments and non-governmental organizations are increasingly convinced that civil society will enable people in developing countries to escape the poverty trap. This book, the product of extensive research by the prestigious North-South Institute in Canada, makes a critical appraisal of this new emphasis in the aid industry. It explores the roles of Northern governmental, multilateral and non-governmental agencies in supporting civil society, presenting in-depth case studies of projects in Peru, Kenya, Sri Lanka and Hungary. It also gives detailed policy recommendations intended to improve the effectiveness and appropriateness of future projects.
To order, write to:
Earthscan Publications Ltd.
120 Pentonville Road
London N1 9JN, U.K.
The International Glossary on Poverty
Edited by David Gordon and Paul Spicker
Published by Zed Books, London and New York, in association with the Comparative Research Programme on Poverty of the International Social Science Council (CROP), 1999
Price: Hback $49.95, Pback $17.50
This unique international glossary provides an authoritative guide to some 200 technical terms used in contemporary scholarly research on poverty. Each entry contains definitions and explanations, followed by a select reading list of relevant journal articles and books. The Glossary has been compiled by scholars from a number of countries and international agencies with the intention of sensitizing researchers, students and policy-makers working in a variety of disciplines to the complexities of the issues relating to the subject of poverty. In particular, the Glossary will help overcome the current difficulties arising from the absence of an agreed vocabulary, as well as the unfamiliarity of terms and concepts in one relevant discipline to those operating in others. The multidimensional character of poverty becomes clear and a special effort has been made to include non-Western approaches and concepts with a view to facilitating comparative poverty studies.
To order, write to:
Zed Books Ltd.
7 Cynthia St.
London N1 9JF, U.K.
Room 400, 175 Fifth Avenue
New York, Ny 10010
Sustainable Development and the Future of
Edited by Bernd Hamm and Pandurang K. Muttagi
Published by Intermediate Technology Publications Ltd., London, with the support of UNESCO, 1998.
This book looks at how an increasingly urban world can also be a world where the ideas of sustainable development are put into practice. Urban areas are by far the most serious pollutants of our environment. As more and more people throughout the world come to live in towns and cities, the question of how we can turn these centres of pollution into ecologically, economically and socially sustainable environments will become more and more urgent. The contributors to this book, mainly academics in the field of sociology, ecology and architecture, see an examination of social issues as central to understanding how sustainability in our cities can be achieved. The book looks first at concepts, theories and problems of sustainable development from both a developed and a developing world perspective. It then considers regional perspectives, with contributions from South-east Asia, North America and Eastern Europe. Finally, the book presents local answers to the problems of sustainable urban development, with examples from Iran, Poland, Canada and Finland, among others.
To order, write to:
Intermediate Technology Publications Ltd.
103-105 Southampton Row
London WC1B 4HH, U.K.
Urban Land Management: Improving Policies and Practices in
Developing Countries of Asia
Edited by Jamal H. Ansari and Nathaniel Von Einsiedel
Published by Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, in association with the UNDP/UNCHS Urban Management Programme, 1998
In many Asian countries, urban land problems are severely hampering the implementation of urban development programmes, including those related to housing, infrastructure and environmental services. Despite many Asian governments' attempts to pursue urban land management objectives, progress in achieving these objectives has been negligible. This book explores urban land management policies and practices in Asia and suggests some important policy reforms.
To order, write to:
Urban Management Programme
Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
Asian Institute of Technology (AIT)
P.O. Box 4
Pathumthani 12120, Thailand
Urban Community-based Financial Services in
Published by UNCHS (Habitat)'s Community Development Programme for Asia, Bangkok, 1998
The regional seminar on Supporting Effective and Equitable Financial Services for the Urban Poor in Asia was held at the Asian Institute of Technology (AIT) in Bangkok, Thailand in April 1998. Co-sponsored by the UNCHS (Habitat) Community Development for Asia and the Urban Management Centre of AIT, the meeting brought together representatives from community savings groups, NGOs supporting savings and credit groups, national government institutions involved in microfinance and credit activities and researchers and experts working in the field. This book is an attempt to capture some of the issues that were raised in the discussions as well as other issues raised in the literature on microfinance.
To order, write to:
UNCHS Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
ACROS Fukuoka Building
8th Floor, 1-1-1 Tenjin
Chuo-ku, Fukuoka 810,Japan
Fax: (81-92) 724-7124
Forced Evictions: Violations of Human Rights (Survey No.
Published by the Centre on Housing Rights and Evictions (COHRE), Geneva, September 1998
This report is the seventh in the Global Survey series on forced evictions conducted by the Centre on Housing Rights and Evictions (COHRE). A cross section of forced evictions carried out between 1994 and 1997 are addressed in this Survey, which indicates that well over 10 million persons are currently threatened by pending evictions in a wide range of countries. COHRE views its Global Surveys as part of a larger process where forced evictions are increasingly addressed in human rights terms and treated accordingly by grassroots movements, NGOs, researchers, lawyers, policy-makers and legislators. The report also includes two important international standards on forced evictions, both of which were COHRE initiatives: General Comment No. 7 on Forced Evictions and The Comprehensive Human Rights Guidelines on Development-based Displacement.
To order, write
83 Rue de Montbrillant
1202 Geneva, Switzerland
Implementing the Habitat Agenda: Towards Child-Centred Human
Settlement Development in Developing Countries
by Edmundo Werna, Andrzikus, Lynette Ochola and Mano Kumarasuriyar
Published by Ashgate, Aldershot (U.K.) and Brookfield (Vermont, USA), in association with UNCHS (Habitat), 1999.
This book provides a comprehensive view of the problems of urban children in developing countries. It starts by demonstrating why it is important to address housing and settlement-related problems faced by children in developing countries, and why child-centred integrated approach constitutes a good priority for intervention. The book also suggests why general internationally-approved indicators must be used in conjunction with locally-constructed indicators.
To order, write to:
Ashgate Publishing Ltd.
Gower House, Croft Road
Aldershot, Hants GU11 3HR
Old Post Road
Brookfield, VT 05036, USA
Women Managing Resources: African Research on Gender,
Urbanization and Environment
Edited by Diana Lee-Smith
Published by Mazingira Institute, Nairobi, with support from the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA-SAREC), 1999
In many African cities, rigid social rules about the gender division of labour and correct behaviour have not only increased women's burden of work but prevented the problems they deal with being addressed as issues of public importance for action by the community or local authorities. Several of the studies published in this book show that although the tasks that women carry out are regarded as unimportant, menial and routine, they are crucial to the well-being of households and low-income communities in general. Because women are concerned with the day-to-day management of the home, some of the critical changes brought about through urbanization affect them more than they affect men. At the same time, customary expectations about what men and women do limit women's access to resources, including housing and jobs, and restrict their influence in deciding how to cope with these problems.
This book is the outcome of a small grants research programme at Mazingira Institute in Nairobi that aims to promote the growth of a network of knowledge on gender and urbanization in the region. The six studies, from Kenya, Nigeria, Tanzania and Uganda, are substantial pieces of work in their own right and represent the start of a longer-term collective effort to define an area of research.
Cities and Homes for All: The Habitat
Published by UNCHS (Habitat), Nairobi, with the support of the Governments of Switzerland and the Netherlands, 1999
The Habitat Agenda records the commitments made by 171 States at the Second United Nations Conference on Human Settlements (Habitat II) in Istanbul, Turkey, in June 1996. This booklet is a shorter, reader-friendly version of the Habitat Agenda. It describes the Habitat Agenda in language that can be easily understood, without evaluating the text or attempting to improve on it. Written and produced for UNCHS (Habitat) by Rooftops Canada/Abri International, Cities and Homes for All begins with an overview of the Habitat II preparatory process. It then follows the structure and content of the Habitat Agenda, briefly introducing each section. It concludes by offering suggestions on actions to be taken at the national and local levels.
Adding Life to Years: New Ideas and Attitudes to Housing for Older People
The Building and Social Housing Foundation has recently published the above report to mark the International Year of Older People. It summarises the main ideas arising as a result of a consultation at St. George's House, Windsor Castle and provides a clear and practical summary of possible future directions in meeting the housing needs of older people.
The report contains sections on Raising Awareness, Housing in a Society for All Ages, Sources of Further Information and a clear and simple Agenda for Action that sets out new ideas and approaches to meeting the housing needs of older people. These approaches seek to add life to years and encourage independence, participation, choice and fulfilment.
To order, please contact:
Mrs Diane Diacon
Building and Social Housing Foundation
Leics. LE67 3TU
Tel: +44 (0) 1530-510444
Fax: +44 (0) 1530-510332
Global Overview of Construction Technology Trends:
Energy-Efficiency in Construction
Published by UNCHS (Habitat), Nairobi, 1997 (HS/376/95E)
This technical publication attempts to bring together recent advances in construction technology which are suited to low-cost construction using locally-available resources. Particular emphasis has been given to energy efficient and cleaner technologies. Selected energy-efficient building design concepts have also been incorporated.
To order UNCHS (Habitat) publications, write
UNCHS Information Offices or to:
Publications Section UNCHS (Habitat)
P.O. Box 30030
UNCHS (Habitat) Electronic Publications
The State of the World Cities
Guide on Urban Indicators as a Monitoring
Global Urban Indicators
Guide to Joining the GUO
The Habitat Agenda: Monitoring
Best Practices Database
Best Practices Learning
Implementation of the Habitat Agenda: An
General guidelines for Partners in the Implementation of the
Guide for National Governments and National Habitat Committees http://www.unchs.org/unchs/english/hagenda/haghome.htm
Guide for Local
Guide for Civil
Guide for the Private
Urban Data Link software
- Version 1 (Autumn 1999): a compilation, analysis and presentation tool for urban indicators for policy-makers - multi-lingual
Best Practice database
- Version 3 (2000) - CD-Rom & Internet
Indicators Survey Tool
- in English, French and Spanish: a compilation tool for the UNCHS key urban indicators
On-line training for the Urban Data Link software
For more information, please contact: Jay
Coordinator The Global Urban Observatory
P.O. Box 30030
A Livelihood from Waste
(formerly titled Trash is Cash (1999))
This film looks at a recycling initiative in Mukuru, a slum on the outskirts of Nairobi, Kenya, where a group of former scavengers have formed the Mukuru Recycling Centre. The scavengers collect waste, separate it, sell it to the private sector and produce white briquettes as charcoal and compost. The film also shows how UNCHS (Habitat) has been able to support the Centre with technical assistance and training.
On the Slopes of Kilimanjaro
Despite its location on the slopes of Kilimanjaro, Moshi has problems with urban growth, environment and water supply. This programme shows how the City Council (of Moshi), with the help of the Sustainable Cities Prgramme (of UNCHS (Habitat), is holding a City Consultation in order to hear the views from all stakeholders in the city. It shows the necessity to involve the citizens in decision-making concerning their own town. The programme also looks at the situation of ordinary people affected by the problems of the city.
To order and for a full catalogue of all UNCHS (Habitat) videos, please write to:
P.O. Box 30030
Habitat Debate is also available on the Internet. For this and past issues, follow the link Publications at the UNCHS (Habitat) Website: http://www.unchs.org/unchs/english/docs1.htm