|Roles, Responsibilities and Capabilities for the Management of Human Settlements - Recent Trends and Future Prospects (HABITAT, 1990, 70 p.)|
At its twelfth session, the United Nations Commission on Human Settlements reviewed a theme paper on the roles, responsibilities and capabilities of governmental and non-governmental sectors in the field of human settlements. This publication is based on the text of that theme paper and has been prepared for the purpose of disseminating the information and the operational conclusions contained in the theme paper to a wider audience of policy-makers, researchers and practitioners in developed and developing countries. It identifies recent policy and institutional innovations in the management of human settlements, in line with the enabling strategy adopted by the Commission on Human Settlements at its tenth session and the principles of the Global Strategy for Shelter to the Year 2000. Its main focus is the identification of the range of innovations initiated and implemented to improve, through various forms of partnership and co-operation between the governmental and non-governmental sectors, the efficiency of human settlements management, so as to provide an effective, sustainable and equitable response to the settlement needs of all income groups.
Analysis of the varied material collected has led to the identification of three main groups of actors - the public sector, the private sector and the community sector. Their roles are described in the report in terms of the potential for their interaction and in light of the innovative approaches that recent experience suggests. Finally, the report outlines practical options for national and international action. Options for national action focus on the goal of broadening the collaboration between the three sectors, through intragovernmental co-operation, deregulation, privatization and public/private-sector partnerships. They also highlight the responsibilities for deepening present degrees of responsiveness and participation, through decentralization in the public sector, increased consultation in service-delivery processes, support to community-based development and public/community-sector partnerships.
The concluding section summarizes the reports main conclusions and lists avenues for international action, focusing on support programmes for decentralization, training and institutional development. These same points are taken up in detail in the resolution adopted by the United Nations Commission on Human Settlements at its twelfth session on Roles, responsibilities and capabilities of governmental and non-governmental sectors in the field of human settlements, which is annexed to the report.
The United Nations Centre for Human Settlements (Habitat) is grateful to Messrs Patrick Wakeley and Michael Safier who were the principal consultants for the project.
Dr. Arcot Ramachandran