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close this bookDesign Handbook on Passive Solar Heating and Natural Cooling (HABITAT, 1990, 162 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentForeword
Open this folder and view contentsIntroduction
Open this folder and view contentsI. Principles of passive solar architecture
Open this folder and view contentsII. The Australian climates and people
Open this folder and view contentsIII. Fundamentals of heat flow
Open this folder and view contentsIV. Thermal comfort
Open this folder and view contentsV. Basic design principles and strategies
Open this folder and view contentsVI. Bio-climatic analysis and comfort strategies
Open this folder and view contentsVII. Detail design
Open this folder and view contentsVIII. Final design evaluation
View the documentAnnex I: Relevant Australian standards
View the documentAnnex II: Glossary of terms
View the documentAnnex III: Metric units of measurements
View the documentAnnex IV: Typical internal heat loads for appliances
View the documentAnnex V: Minimum additional thermal resistance requirements
View the documentAnnex VI: Climate data for Sydney region - mean daily insolation for Sydney
View the documentAnnex VII: Selected thermal properties of various building material
View the documentAnnex VIII: Selected u-values and r-values
View the documentAnnex IX: Heating degree day data - new south Wales
View the documentAnnex X: Glass-mass performance graphs
View the documentAnnex XI: Appraisal graphs for the 5-star design rating system
View the documentAnnex XII: Sun position charts for Australian capital cities
View the documentAnnex XIII: Bibliography and suggested reading

Annex IV: Typical internal heat loads for appliances

Appliance

Average Input (W)

Average weekly hours of use

Estimated quarterly consumption (kWh)

Period of use for 1 kW

Heating

Convection heater

1000

112

546

1h


with thermostat

2000

112

1079


30 min

Fan heater

2400

112

1300


25 min

with thermostat

3500

112

1885


17 min

Infrared heater

550

3.5

26

1h

49 min


1100

35

507


55 min

Panel radiators

1500

112

806


40 min

oil filled

2000

112

1079


30 min

Radiators, fires

2000

21

546


30 min


2400

21

650


25 min

Heat storage

Heat banks

3000

112

247


20 min


6000

112

494


10 min

Midi bank

2000

168

1040


30 min


3500

168

1820


17 min

Coolers- air-conditioning


2500W

1400

112

559

43 min


6000W

2900

112

1170

20 min

Water heaters:

Bath heater

1000

-

299

1h


Sink heater

750

-

195

1h

35 min

Day rate continuous

2 people

3600

-

650

1 h

35 min

Storage off-peak






2 people

2500

-

780


24 min

4 people

3500

-

1170


17 min

Lighting

100W incandescent

100

30

39

10h

lamps

60W incandescent

60

30

23

16

36 min

40W fluorescent

50

30

20

20h


Kitchen appliances

Blender

450

1

6

2h

13 min

Cooking

Deep fryer

1500

1

13


40 min

Frypan

1350

3

26


45 min

Horizontal grill

1500

1.5

30


40 min

Microwave

1200

3.5

55


50 min

Ranges:

Light use

7000

-

209


8 min

Heavy use

10,000

-

416


6 min

Dishwasher

2300

7

46


26 min

Electric kettle

1500

4

78


40 min

Freezers:

Chest type 200L

160

-

269

6h

15 min

Vertical type 310L

200

-

338

5h


Percolator

650

3.5

30

1 h

32 min

Refrigerators:

Small 70L/absorption

125

-

140

8h


1 door manual defrost

170

-

130

5h

33 min

2 door automatic defrost 410L

230

-

247

4h

21 min

2 door frost-free

280

-

468

3h

32 min

General appliances

Clothes driers:

Rotary plug-in

2400

5

156


25 min

Cabinet with fan

2400

3

91


25 min

Clothes washer:

Automatic

900

6

70

1 h

7 min

With heater

2400

14

260


25 min

Electric blanket:

Double bed

120

35

49

8h

20 min

Fan (over 250 mm)

85

7

8

11

45 min

Iron - steam

1000

3

12

1h


Radio

60

28

22

16

40 min

Sewing machine

75

2

2

13

10 min

Stereo system

78

21

21.3

12

50 min

Toaster auto

1300

1

17


46 min

TV-colour

200

30

78

5h


Vacuum cleaner

500

1.5

10

2h



Energy use within the home (Selected capital cities)