Cover Image
close this bookInternational Health Relief Assistance - A Guide for Effective Aid (PAHO, 1990, 14 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentPreface
View the documentPrinciples of disaster assistance
View the documentAfter a disaster, do . . .
View the documentDiscourage sending . . .
View the documentConsult further about donations of . . .
View the documentMyths and realities of disasters
View the documentEffects of natural disasters on health
View the documentPan American Health Organization

Effects of natural disasters on health

SHORT TERM HEALTH EFFECTS OF NATURAL DISASTERS

DEATHS

MANY

FEW

VARIES

FEW

SEVERE INJURIES REQUIRING INTENSIVE MEDICAL CARE

OVERWHELMING

MODERATE

VARIES

FEW

INCREASED RISK OF INFECTIOUS DISEASE

POTENTIAL PROBLEM IN ALL MAJOR DISASTERS (Probability rises with overcrowding and deteriorating sanitation.)

FOOD SCARCITY

RARE

RARE

COMMON

COMMON


(May occur due to factors other than food shortages.)



MAJOR POPULATION MOVEMENTS

RARE

RARE

COMMON

COMMON


(May occur in heavily damaged urban areas.)



Source: Pan American Health Organization

Note: the effects of disasters on health may differ depending on the economic and political situation and the degree of the development of the infrastructure of an affected country.