|New and Noteworthy in Nutrition (WB)|
|No. 18, September 11, 1992|
13. Unusual for that part of Africa, a recently-completed Bank-financed study on food security and nutrition in Chad found that child malnutrition is more widespread in urban than in rural areas. Interestingly child malnutrition in a good production year was only 20 percent below the level of a poor year. It appears that either chronic food insecurity grips as many as 80 percent of urban households or something else is causing the malnutrition.
14. From the new Population, Health and Nutrition Sector Review for Vietnam, data show quite high malnutrition rates relative to infant mortality; also an inverse relationship between adult and young child energy intakes, with increased food allocation to children at the expense of adults -- not usually the case. Still, overall, the malnutrition rates are surprisingly high, comparable to Bangladesh. Food production is adequate, but uneven geographical patterns and poor distribution systems take their toll. The rice-dominated diet results in pervasive micronutrient deficiencies. Recommendations are for a national child nutrition program.
15. Since surprisingly substantial levels of malnutrition have been found in Zimbabwean school-aged children, there may actually be a decline in nutrition status once children begin attending school -- this according to a new Bank Nutrition Sector Study. Authors Julia Tagwireyi and Ted Greiner say this brings into question whether the policy of targeting nutrition program resources almost exclusively to pre-school aged children is still appropriate in Zimbabwe.