|Intensifying Action against HIV/AIDS in Africa: Responding to a Development Crisis (UNAIDS, 1999, 77 p.)|
This strategy document has clearly stated the need for the Bank to drastically increase its involvement in the fight against AIDS in Africa. ACTafrica, which comprises a team leader, coordinator, broad-based economist, rural development specialist, technical specialist, four staff-year equivalents of short-term consultants, and two staff assistants, has been established to help fulfill this task. The team will also have "affiliated" members throughout the region who will devote a substantial amount of time to expand the capacity and sectoral expertise of the team. Most of ACTafrica's work will be demand-driven and funded from country budgets. The team will serve as the region's focal point and information clearinghouse on AIDS and will be responsible for the following major tasks:
· Operational support to task team leaders in all sectors to mainstream HIV/AIDS interventions in their projects. To expedite the mainstreaming of HIV/AIDS activities in the Bank's work, a Bank budget has been established to support initiation of these activities and enable ACTafrica staff to focus on the development and implementation of these programs. This budget will be complemented with trust funds, which will be used to support the work of consultants and the organization of regional meetings and conferences. ACTafrica will be responsible for the preparation of country briefs, good and bad practice notes, impact analyses, and other related outputs. ACTafrica will also prepare public information materials, press releases, presentations, and background materials for use by Bank staff in advocacy and policy dialogue.
· Development of tools. ACTafrica, in collaboration with UNAIDS, will prepare tools for project development and evaluation for both freestanding HIV/AIDS projects and those projects with HIV/AIDS-related components.
· Contributions to CASs and policy dialogue. ACTafrica will provide analyses of the impact of the epidemic on various sectors and on overall development for use in CASs. These analyses will ensure that HIV/AIDS is part of a country's development agenda and will provide task team leaders and countries with information critical to their long-term human resource planning. ACTafrica will examine how HIV/AIDS is addressed in CASs and suggest improvements where needed. Additionally, ACTafrica will assist Bank country teams with HIV/AIDS impact assessment requirements and monitor country programs to ensure that the needed actions are taken appropriately and in a timely fashion.
· Knowledge management. ACTafrica will contribute to knowledge management by providing state-of-the-art information on all aspects of the epidemic within the Bank's knowledge management system, including HIV/AIDS Web sites. It will create much stronger links with the UNAIDS Secretariat and the World Health Organization (WHO) in the area of information compilation and dissemination.
· Training, workshops, and networking. The current strategy will be widely discussed in numerous national and international forums. The Bank's strategic plan will be presented at the 11th International Conference on AIDS and STDs in Africa, which will be held in Lusaka, Zambia, September 12-16, 1999, and the 13th International HIV/AIDS Conference to be held in Durban, South Africa, July 9-14, 2000. It was presented at the Fifth African-African American Summit in May 1999 in Accra, Ghana, and will be presented at the First International Conference on AIDS in Ethiopia, which will be held November 7-10,1999, in Addis Ababa. Other regional meetings and workshops will be targeted to enable Bank staff in countries, the Bank's African counterparts, and other development partners to play a critical role in developing and implementing the strategy.
In collaboration with the World Bank Institute and other institutions, ACTafrica will provide training to build broad capacity within the Bank to address HIV/AIDS in policy dialogue, projects, and programs. ACTafrica will also conduct workshops for staff seeking to learn what is currently being done in their countries and sectors regarding HIV/AIDS and what interventions would be useful for them to apply in their work.