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close this book Teaching conservation in developing nations
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close this folder Appendix F: Live animals
View the document The collection
Open this folder and view contents Aquariums
View the document Terrariums
View the document Ants
View the document Earthworms
View the document Cardboard insect box
View the document Mammal cages
View the document An outdoor bird attraction
View the document Source materials - Appendix F

The collection

You can begin a live animal collection with only a small bottle terrarium with a few insects. As your interest and knowledge grows, you can add more species. Your animals should be given clean, comfortable homes such as in a terrarium, acquarium or cage, and you must be able to provide the right kind of habitat and food for each animal. You will be able to do this by careful observation of the animal in its own habitat.

The first thing to do in making a collection is to make a survey of the easy-to-care-for animal inhabitants of your area; insects, amphibians, reptiles, water dwellers, and then decide which you would like to collect. Make a container to reproduce the environment the animal lives in, including sticks, rocks, leaves, gravel, sand, and plants. When the animal's home is ready, you can go collecting.

Allow 11 picas

Margin to bind

- plastic containers, such as a bucket, for sea watch collecting

Plastic containers

- a smaller all-purpose net

- a piece of screen for screening small water animals (optional)

Hold the screen in your hands like this

- a box (wooden Oh cardboard) with cover

What you will need:

- an insect net

- glass containers with covers which have holes for air

Glass 1

Glass 2

Glass 3

Materials needed to make a NET

Note: An all-purpose net can be made with the same construction method as an insect net. (See pages 97 & 98 for illustrations).

- 75-85 cm sturdy wire (for ring) OR 2 wire coat hangers OR 75-85 flexible bamboo

- 75 cm stick (for handle) OR 75 cm bamboo pole

- mosquito netting 60 cm x 70 cm approximately (for bag) OR nylon netting OR light cloth

- needle and thread (to sew bag)

- fine wire (to attach ring to pole) OR raffia OR string


1. Make a ring of the wire, coathangers or bamboo and wire or tie it closed. (If you are using coat hangers, wire or tie them together. If you are using bamboo, wrap another strip of flexible bamboo around it to make it stronger).

2. Attach stick or pole to the ring by tying it with wire, raffia, string or flexible bamboo. (this is easier if you have notched the stick 3 cm from the end you are attaching to the ring).

3. Cut the cloth as shown for the net you are making, and sew it along the cut side, into a bag. (60 cm long for an insect net, 35 cm long for an all-purpose net).

4. Sew the bag top over the ring very securely. Check for any places not sewn tightly and sew again.