Cover Image
close this book Sustainable Energy News - No. 4 March 1994
source ref: in04we.htm
View the document Sustainable Energy News
View the document Editorial: energy and jobs
View the document Greeca
View the document Regional News - Africa
View the document Regional News - Asia
View the document Sustainble Energy Progressing into Development Projects
View the document Regional News- Europe
View the document Regional News - Latin America
View the document Regional News - North America
View the document World Bank Energy
View the document Strategy & Practice
View the document Publications
View the document Electricity Production Technologies for Rural Development
View the document Events
View the document Sustainable Energy Contacts - Europe update
View the document Climate Negotiations - the temperature is rising

Sustainble Energy Progressing into Development Projects

by Erik Graff, CARE Denmark

As follow up to the Rio Conference, Danish environment, energy and development organizations want to add an energy component to their developing projects. They have joined the Forum for Energy and Development.

In November 1993, CARE Danmark has carried out the first Forum supported study of the energy consumption and the possibilities of adding fuel savings and sustainable energy solutions to an on-going project in the outlying Mustang district in Nepal.

As an example the study has established time consumption for fuel wood collection, wood consumption, consumer patterns and habits etc. in the project area. The time consumption for fuel wood collection is today 8-16 hours each time per household, dependent on distance to the forest. 20 years ago the time consumption was only about 25% of this. As an average each household collects about 40 kg of wood each time about 130 times a year. Therefore a reduced fuel wood consumption will also cause that the time saved can be used for more productive purposes.

The study proves that it is possible to reduce the wood consumption by fuel saving initiatives and by utilizing sustainable energy sources in the area such as sun, water and wind. The suggestions include among others the following low- technological solutions: Improved clay stoves supplied with smoke pipes, pressure cookers, hay-boxes and solar box cookers, tightening of houses and putting in window glass, and passive solar heating. Furthermore solar water heaters for public bathing houses in the villages.

The results of the study is now available in a draft report containing suggestions at 4 levels of ambition together with calculations of costs and benefits of the objects at each level.

Devastation of the environment and following deterioration of the resource basis of the populations in developing countries is a global problem, which cannot be solved solely by agricultural and tree-planting activities. Therefore energy savings and utilization of sustainable energy must be subjects of future activities for the development agencies on line with other activities.