|Abstracts on Sustainable Agriculture (GTZ, 1992, 423 p.)|
|Abstracts on farming systems research and development|
ISNAR Working Paper No. 18; Int. Service for Nat. Agric. Research, The Hague, Netherlands; 1988, 18 pp. + annex
This paper reviews ISNAR's experience in helping national agricultural research systems (NARS).
Thebetter manage their human resources and identifies key lessons from that experience.
The paper is intended for the generalist agricultural research manager and discusses some key concerns and lessons. The underlying premise is that all managers and supervisors need to become adapt in effectively and efficiently managing their human resources.
This paper is divided into three parts:
- Overview and highlights of ISNAR's experience by major area,
- lessons from this experience, and
The diversity of approaches used by ISNAR is illustrated by a few examples.
In many of these countries, the conditions of service of researchers have been reviewed in detail, with attention given to such items as grade structures, personnel costs as a proportion of the recurrent budget, salary differentials etc..
ISNAR has recently documented fresh evidence that the number of researchers in developing countries has more than doubled in the past 20 years, well ahead of the growth in recurrent expenditures for agricultural research during the same period. In many countries the need for additional scientists remains substantial, but the potential supply from academic institutions is variable in quality and quantity as well.
In the future, it will be essential that the NARS first undertake strategic planning and then set priorities, formulate programs, and estimate manpower requirements.
Recent ISNAR experience indicates also a few concerns, which are outlined in this paper.
In terms of the broader areas, problems of efficiently managing growth of manpower, research programs, and training institutions are likely to remain high on the agenda of most NARS.
Under conditions of scarce financial resources coupled with the pressing need for producing and delivering useful research some hard choices involving shifts in strategy, reduction of marginal programs, redeployment of personnel, restructuring of organizations, and rationalization of research station networks will be inevitable.
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Farming systems research and development
Review, agricultural research, technology transfer, developing
countries, linkage mechanisms, evaluation criteria, political factors, technical
factors, oganizational factors, ISNAR