|Synopsis on Integrated Pest Management in Developing Countries (NRI, 1991, 20 p.)|
34. IPM is inherently an inter-disciplinary, multifunctional approach to solving pest problems. Current institutional structures in both developed and developing countries do little to simplify the task of the farmer practitioner. Components of the problem, in both disciplinary and operational terms, are commonly abstracted to form the principal axis for the organization of public sector institutions. The management of research, extension and technical support services are frequently operated independently of one another, centred in different institutions and often with conflicting goals and interests. These activities are almost always under-resourced and unable to compete with the commercial sector.
A joint CILSS/FAO/USAID project looking at control of Striga in West African countries noted institutional constraints which manifest in poor co-ordination and co-operation between plant protection services, research institutions and extension services. All three organizations were located in different ministries and appeared to be more interested in their own independence and domains than in co-operating with each other. This resulted in the setting of partisan priorities, poor use of available human and material resources, waste of technical assistance funds and ultimately, no IPM at farmer level.