|Delivery of Basic Infrastructure to Low Income Settlements: Issues and Options (HABITAT, 1986, 42 p.)|
In order that a concerted effort may be made by national governments to provide safe drinking water supply, adequate sanitation, improved refuse collection and disposal, and improved drainage, countries may consider any or all of the following options.
(1) Develop specific sector policies, plans and programmes within an overall human settlements programme which give emphasis to abating present day inequities in services to various sectors of the population.
(2) Ensure the co-ordination of water-supply, sanitation and other service planning with overall human settlements planning as well as with overall economic development planning.
(3) Adopt appropriate, cost-effective standards and technologies for infrastructure that are consistent with the resource constraints of the country and with the overall objective of optimizing service coverage.
(4) Examine legislative and administrative instruments concerning the provision of infrastructural services, to see that they permit and promote the use of appropriate, cost-effective technologies among all sectors of the population.
(5) Review the institutional structure for infrastructure to ensure autonomous self-financing operation of sector departments under an overall co-ordinating umbrella institution.
(6) Incorporate, in each department, a specialized unit to meet the needs of the poor and to encourage community and informal-sector participation.
(7) Adopt policies and strategies for providing and strengthening sector-related training to professionals, sub-professionals and local skilled artisans.
(8) Adopt pricing policies and other incentives that will promote the increased use of local resources for sector development while taking due account of social objectives.
(9) Promote improved operation and maintenance of service facilities, giving priority to harnessing local efforts towards this end.