|WIT's World Ecology Report - Vol. 12, No. 4 - Critical Issues in Health and the Environment (WIT, 2001, 16 p.)|
Dr. Terry R. Galloway
President, INTELLERGY Corporation
In this paper we show a series of demonstration projects underway that will pave the way to future communities that are supplied with clean and efficient energy and have their waste reformed into hydrogen and co-producing useful chemicals. The demonstrations start with salvaging old coal plants and applying new technology breakthroughs where coal can be fully utilized as an important energy and chemical resource without troublesome emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2) and without the typical problems of Nox, sulfur, and other particulate emissions. By aggressively retrofitting only 285 of our old [1000 Mwe] coal plants, 15% CO2 reduction of 200 million tons of CO2 can be met by 2010-the goal of the European Nations. We calculated typical 3-year paybacks for such plants.
Next we show how solar photovoltaic collectors can be used to drive electrolysis units to produce hydrogen and oxygen to further increase the efficiency of a steam-reforming waste-to-energy plant and where hydrogen can be used to manufacture useful chemical products.
Finally, through the use of steam-reformer/gasifiers that produce hydrogen-rich syngas, the hydrogen can be extracted and stored by metal hydrides; thus, enabling hydrogen fuel cell vehicles that only emit steam from their tailpipe. These technologies are the first steps toward a worldwide hydrogen economy.
We can afford the lamps, but we can't afford the electric power.
SOURCE: World Press Review, July 2000