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close this bookAgricultural Development and Vector-Borne Diseases (FAO - HABITAT - UNEP - WHO, 1996, 91 p.)
close this folderTopic F: Water use in agriculture
View the documentList of slides
View the documentF.1 Eighty percent of freshwater use is for agriculture
View the documentF.2 Water lifting for irrigation by human power, West Africa
View the documentF.3 Water lifting for irrigation by human power, India
View the documentF.4 Water lifting for irrigation by human power, China
View the documentF.5 Water lifting for irrigation by human power, China
View the documentF.6 Water lifting for irrigation by animal power, Egypt
View the documentF.7 Water lifting for irrigation by tractor, Tunisia
View the documentF.8 Lined canal and canaletti, Morocco
View the documentF.9 Hood irrigation, Egypt
View the documentF.10 Furrow irrigation with siphons, Tunisia
View the documentF.11 Sprinkler irrigation, India
View the documentF.12 Central pivot irrigation, Zambia
View the documentF.13 Trickle or drip irrigation, bananas, Egypt
View the documentF.14 Trickle or drip irrigation, tomatoes, Egypt
View the documentF.15 Irrigation canal and turn-outs, Pakistan
View the documentF.16 Effects of lack of infrastructure and poor irrigation management, Pakistan
View the documentF.17 Effects of lack of infrastructure and poor irrigation management, Pakistan
View the documentF.18 Waterlogged fields with crops
View the documentF.19 Waterlogged soybeans in the USA
View the documentF.20 Minor canal with aquatic weeds, Rahad, Sudan
View the documentF.21 An irrigation scheme in an arid area, Chad
View the documentF.22 Tank with dense Salvinia growth, Sri Lanka
View the documentF.23 Water storage for drinking water and livestock
View the documentF.24 Shallow well, Mozambique
View the documentF.25 Improved well, Keita, Niger
View the documentF.26 Village hand pump, Nepal
View the documentF.27 Aquaculture, India
View the documentF.28 Aquaculture in rice fields
View the documentF.29 Trimming and cleaning of a fishpond

F.17 Effects of lack of infrastructure and poor irrigation management, Pakistan

Slide F.17 Effects of lack of infrastructure and poor irrigation management, Pakistan

Lack of infrastructure and poor irrigation management create environmental degradation with health risks that need no further comment. Devolution of water management responsibilities, and operation and maintenance of irrigation schemes to farmer groups is expected to improve the situation.

While collaboration between different ministries to address the environmental and health issues pertaining to inadequate irrigation water management is often hard to achieve at the central level, it is at the district level, where all sectors meet, that efforts should be made to obtain maximum benefits from rehabilitation projects. Health workers and agricultural extension workers should be mobilized to educate communities about the health risks of situations such as depicted in these slides.