|Participatory Impact Monitoring - PIM Booklet 4: The Concept of Participatory Impact Monitoring (GTZ, 1996, 36 p.)|
The following task was defined for the PIM team at the beginning of the project:
The objective of PIM is to improve the realization of projects by
- orienting the project along the socio-cultural impact;
- promoting autonomous activities of the people;
- improving the flexibility of and interaction between the development organization/NGO and self-help group.
GATE (German Appropriate Technology Exchange, the unit within GTZ responsible for adapted technology) did not commission the study in connection with large technical projects, but aimed at small projects conducted within the framework of self-help promotion and appropriate technology.
Such projects are primarily considered learning situations that are designed to trigger learning processes. Thus it becomes evident that if one wants a regulatory instrument for development projects that is based on the joint perception of impacts, one needs a concept which is not limited to being a regulatory instrument of the relief organization but can also be generally used as a management tool by all NGO and self-help groups.
However, PIM should be compatible with the goal-oriented project planning (ZOPP), the official planning procedure of GTZ, because many of the abovementioned projects are part of larger programs that were planned with ZOPP.