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close this bookLearning to Live - Monitoring and Evaluating HIV/AIDS Programmes for Young People - Practice Handbook (DFID - UNAIDS - Save the Children, 2000, 220 p.)
close this folderChapter 9: Data Collection: Where do we get our information and how?
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentData triangulation
View the documentTypes of evaluation design
View the documentNon-experimental evaluation (without a comparison group)
View the documentSemi-experimental (with a comparison group)
View the documentKnowledge, attitude, practice and belief (KAPB) surveys
View the documentFocus group discussions (FGDs)
View the documentFocus group good practice
View the documentProcess monitoring and tools
View the documentIntegrating data sources: the use of clinic-based data
View the documentDetermining attribution in outreach programmes
View the documentMajor points to remember regarding data collection

Major points to remember regarding data collection

· Proof of impact of an intervention will not be demonstrated, and nor should a project attempt to demonstrate it.

· Mix your methods - an ideal evaluation will have qualitative and quantitative data.

· No one method is perfect: remember this when analysing data. Analysis should be thematic rather than by method, i.e., when looking at condom use, evidence from different methods used (focus groups, informant interview, PLA techniques, questionnaire, community-based distributor data) should be considered together.

· The general rule regarding questionnaires is that the longer the interaction time between interviewer and respondent, the more honest and reliable the answers.

· Focus group discussions can provide both quantitative and qualitative data.

· Anonymity and confidentiality are essential when discussing sensitive issues.

· Clinical records are a vital source of information.

· Young people assisting in the design of research tools, and collection of information, is empowering to the project, and helps to ensure relevance of the information provided.