|Guide to the Training of Supervisors - Trainees' Manual/Part 2 - For Labour-Based Road Construction and Maintenance (ILO, 1981, 254 p.)|
This Guide has been produced for use in the general and technical training of supervisors for road construction and maintenance programmes. It is basically in two parts, an instructors manual and a trainees manual. The former contains information and advice for instructors on how to plan, design and implement a training course. The latter provides the detailed training material for the trainees. In its present form the trainees manual is incomplete in that it is not country specific. Thus, such aspects as project organisation and administration, programme objectives and design standards will vary from country to country. The instructor, therefore, uses the general modules presented and adapts them to the specific circumstances of the country.
The Instructors Manual is divided into three parts. The first discusses the various items which the trainer will have to consider when setting up a training course for a programme in a particular country. It shows how to identify training needs, how to evaluate the existing training facilities and how to plan the courses in relation to the resources available and the output required.
The second serves as an introduction to the training material, the main body of the Guide, and provides information on the modular system and its use. It briefly describes the contents of the 15 basic modules and outlines when and how the trainer should develop country/project-specific training materials, related to the particular country or project environment.
The third part is the instructors text of the training course. It provides information on methods of presentation of the course, advice on points to emphasise and the training aids that could be used. It is presented in the same modular format1 as the trainees text.
1 This system has been developed by the ILO to enable individual vocational training programmes to be compiled. More recently, the ILO has applied the system in a modular programme for supervisory development, aimed at a broad range of trainers, programme designers, training directors, personnel managers and supervisors.
The Trainees Manual contains the basic material for a complete training course for supervisors of labour-based road construction and maintenance programmes. It follows a format developed by the ILO for supervisory and vocational training: The modular system. In line with this format, the training material is presented in loose leaf form as a number of self-contained modules, subdivided into learning elements. This presentation allows the trainer to develop country/project-specific courses adapted to the level of different groups of trainees by simply selecting those learning elements he feels are relevant and by adding others reflecting the project situation and the local procedures and regulations.
In all, there are 15 modules. Each deals with a particular aspect of road construction and maintenance. The different modules cover such subjects as administration, planning, organisation, management and control as well as the most important technical topics such as survey, drainage, concrete technology, soil mechanics and structures. Modules 1-9 are contained in one folder, Modules 10-15 in another.
Field instructions are added at the end of each module providing the trainee with the nucleus of a site handbook after the completion of the course.
Setting up training courses is resource consuming, especially when the subject is new to the existing training institution. For this reason, training courses must be planned well in advance. To ensure maximum benefit, they should be integrated to the extent possible into the established training organisations. This would firstly ensure that labour-based methods are not set apart from other techniques, secondly that the career prospects of potential supervisors are not reduced and finally that existing facilities can be utilised.