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close this bookConducting Environmental Impact Assessment in Developing Countries (UNU, 1999, 375 pages)
close this folder9. Emerging developments in EIA
close this folder9.6 Social impact assessment
close this folder9.6.4 Steps in the social impact assessment process
View the document(introduction...)
View the document9.6.4.1 Public involvement
View the document9.6.4.2 Identification of alternatives
View the document9.6.4.3 Baseline conditions
View the document9.6.4.4 Scoping
View the document9.6.4.5 Projection of estimated effects
View the document9.6.4.6 Predicting response to impacts
View the document9.6.4.7 Indirect and cumulative impacts
View the document9.6.4.8 Change in alternatives
View the document9.6.4.9 Mitigation
View the document9.6.4.10 Monitoring

9.6.4.8 Change in alternatives

· Recommend new or changed alternatives and estimate or project their consequences.

Each new alternative or recommended change should be assessed separately. The methods used in the estimation step (Section 9.6.4.5) apply here but usually on a more modest scale. More innovative alternatives and changes probably should be presented in an experimental structure. Expert judgements and scenarios are helpful in developing project and policy alternatives. The number of iterations here will depend upon time, funding, and the magnitude of the project or policy changes.