Cover Image
close this bookAnimal Husbandry - Initial Environmental Assessment Series No. 2 (NORAD, 1994)
close this folderPart I: General account
close this folder3 Possible environmental impacts
View the document(introduction...)
View the document3.1 Overgrazing and soil erosion
View the document3.2 Pollution of air, soil and water
View the document3.3 Special impacts of livestock-based industries and transportation
View the document3.4 Loss of valuable genes
View the document3.5 Infection pressure and diseases, and impacts of medication
View the document3.6 Other ecological impacts, and consequences for landscapes
View the document3.7 Social impacts
View the document3.8 Impacts of other existing or planned activities


In this survey, both direct and indirect environmental impacts are dealt with. It is often difficult to distinguish clearly between these two types of impacts. Causes of direct environmental impacts can be linked to certain features of the project as such. Indirect environmental impacts can result from other types of activities and processes which the project generates, ea. industrialization and urbanization. Indirect environmental impacts can also occur if the project alters socio-cultural conditions in the local community, ea. by migration or changed power structures.

This survey also presents recommendations for mitigative measures that can reduce prospective environmental impacts.