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close this bookThe Use of Effluents from Biolatrines in Tanzania (ADF, 1996, 38 pages)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentForeword
Open this folder and view contentsIntroduction
Open this folder and view contentsThe problem defined
Open this folder and view contentsBiolatrine technology
View the documentPublic health aspects
View the documentFertilizer production and usage
View the documentResearch plan
Open this folder and view contentsResearch findings and interpretation
View the documentConclusions and recommendations
View the documentBibliography
View the documentAppendix


Bauman, W. et al (1980) Waste water treatment and excrete disposal in developing countries.

Bhim, D. Feachum, R. (1985), Health aspects of right soil and sludge use in agriculture and acotuacultuure - an epidemiological perspective - review meeting report - IRCWD.

Blum et al (1985), Health aspects of night soil and sludge use in agriculture and aquaculture - an epidemiological perspective.

Chonarak (1989), Organic waste recycling

Cross, P., Strauss, M. (1985), Existing practices and beliefs in the utilization of human excrete (Report No. 04185, IRCWD).

El-Basel et al (1984), Survival of pathogens and parasites during the anaerobic digestion of organic wastes. A paper resented in "Biogas Conference in Cairo - Egypt."

Mara, D. (1989), Guidelines for the safe use of waste water in agriculture and aquaculture - Methods for public health protection. WHO/UNEP.

Strauss, M. (1990), Survival of executed pathogens in excrete and faecal sludges Report No. 04185 of IRCWD.

Stuckey (1984), Biogas - a global perspective-Biogas Conference in Cairo.

Tanzania Fertilizer Company (TFC), Paper on the general fertilizer situation - presented in the workshop on "The Fertilizer Recommendations Review held in Arusha 1991."

Ward Roscol F. (1985), Engineering design of biogas units for developing countries.

World Health Organization, technical report series no. 517 (1973) - Reuse of effluent: Methods of Wastewater Treatment and Health Safeguards, Report of a WHO meeting of experts, Geneva.