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close this bookWater and Sanitation Technologies: A Trainer's Manual (Peace Corps, 1985)
close this folderSessions
View the documentSession 1 - Water and sanitation issues in third world countries
View the documentSession 2 - Introduction to the training program
Open this folder and view contentsSession 3 - Facilitation skills
Open this folder and view contentsSession 4 - Community mobilization
Open this folder and view contentsSession 5 - Math review
Open this folder and view contentsSession 6 - Concrete and reinforcement
Open this folder and view contentsSession 7 - Project documentation
View the documentSession 8 - Field demonstration: Formwork and pouring concrete
Open this folder and view contentsSession 9 - Introduction to environmental sanitation
View the documentSession 10 - Non-formal health education
Open this folder and view contentsSession 11 - Community water supply case study
Open this folder and view contentsSession 12 - Project planning and management
View the documentSession 13 - Community needs and resource assessment
Open this folder and view contentsSession 14 - Communicable diseases and control
Open this folder and view contentsSession 15 - Excreta disposal systems
View the documentSession 16 - Health education presentations
View the documentSession 17 - Basic drawing and blueprint reading
View the documentSession 18 - Field demonstration: block laying
View the documentSession 19 - Project planning: Latrine construction
View the documentSession 20 - Latrine construction
Open this folder and view contentsSession 21 - Women and water
Open this folder and view contentsSession 22 - Hydrology
View the documentSession 23 - Water supply improvements
View the documentSession 24 - Pumps: Installation, operation, maintenance
View the documentSession 25 - Field demonstration: Pump assembly and disassembly
Open this folder and view contentsSession 26 - Field demonstration: Pipework and plumbing
Open this folder and view contentsSession 27 - Principles of hand-dug shallow wells
View the documentSession 28 - Well site inspection and feasibility survey
View the documentSession 29 - Project planning: Well rehabilitation
View the documentSession 30 - Shallow well rehabilitation
Open this folder and view contentsSession 31 - Gravity water systems: Part I
Open this folder and view contentsSession 32 - Survey and measurement
View the documentSession 33 - Field demonstration: Surveying
Open this folder and view contentsSession 34 - Gravity water systems: Part II
Open this folder and view contentsSession 35 - Principles of spring development
View the documentSession 36 - Spring site feasibility survey and flow measurement
View the documentSession 37 - Project planning: Spring development
View the documentSession 38 - Spring development construction
View the documentSession 39 - Ferrocement technology and construction
View the documentSession 40 - Project planning: Ferrocement water tank
View the documentSession 41 - Ferrocement water tank construction
View the documentSession 42 - Constructing projects in a community
Open this folder and view contentsSession 43 - Proposal writing
View the documentSession 44 - Training review and assessment

Session 2 - Introduction to the training program


2 Hours


* Familiarize the trainees with the program goals, behavioral objectives, and the training schedule

* Review the trainee's strengths and weaknesses with regard to the co-facilitation of sessions

* Explain the organizational framework that will be used for construction projects during training


Program Goals

Training Program Behavioral Objectives

Training Schedule


Newsprint and felt-tip pens, copies of Program Goals, Behavioral Objectives List, and Training Schedule for all trainees


One or more trainers

Trainer Introduction

Trainees inevitably come to training with many expectations concerning what they will learn and how the program will be conducted. In many cases, these expectations create a certain amount of anxiety in the trainees. This session is meant to relieve that anxiety by giving them general information about the program including content, scheduling, and procedures. It also first introduces the concept of trainee facilitation, and helps the trainer become familiar with the skills, knowledge, and experience of the trainees. For this reason, all trainers should be on hand for the session.

The Behavioral Objectives List and Training Schedule should be prepared by the trainers prior to the session. A complete list of the Behavioral Objectives for this manual can be found on page 11, a training schedule can be found on page 17. Both may need to be edited to fit a specific technical training program.


Step 1

5 Minutes

Present the objectives and format for the session.

Step 2

20 Minutes

Hand out the Program Goals and Behavioral Objectives List, briefly explain their format, and allow time for the trainees to read through them.

Step 3

10 Minutes

Invite questions concerning the lists.

Trainer Note

It is important to answer questions that the trainees may have without getting into the actual details of any one subject. The intent is to inform them of the general content of the program. Point out that the Behavior Objectives carry a duel responsibility. Trainers must work hard to teach the skills and trainees must work hard to learn them. By working together throughout the program, the objectives can be met.

Step 4

10 Minutes

In reference to the Behavioral Objectives, ask the trainees to write down, individually, one or two of their personal strengths and weaknesses.

Step 5

10 Minutes

Trainees write their responses on two sheets of newsprint, one titled "Strengths," and the other "Weaknesses." Names should be used.

Step 6

15 Minutes

Lead a group discussion outlining both the strengths and the weaknesses. Point out commonly listed areas, identify trainees with strong skills, and those who wish to work on a particular weakness.

Trainer Note

Keep the discussion moving, without dwelling on any specific strength or weakness. The object is to identify trainees with good skills in any one area, and to target weaknesses which the group may have as a whole. Both lists should be typed and handed out at a later date.

Step 7

10 Minutes

Explain the importance placed on Trainee Facilitation during the program.

Trainer Note

Mention the fact that everyone involved in the training, both trainees and staff, can serve as information resources. Sharing information can be done informally at any time, or formally through the facilitation of sessions. Emphasize that all trainees will be asked to facilitate a session, or part of one, during the program. Point out that this will help them share their experiences and knowledge with the overall group and also help them practice and improve facilitation skills.

Step 8

15 Minutes

Present the Training Schedule

Trainer Note

A training schedule laid out by half-days, or even weeks, is usually sufficient to give the trainees a good idea of the training format.

Step 9

20 Minutes

Present the organizational framework that you will use for construction projects.

Trainer Note

Use this time to discuss, in general, how a construction project must be organized in order to be successful. Explain that each project will have one or two trainee project managers who will be responsible for directing activities from start to finish. Emphasize that developing management skills is an important goal of the program.

Next, point out that Volunteers often serve as project managers. Ask trainees to list some responsibilities that they think a manager might have. The following points should be emphasized:

* Planning ahead to determine the tasks necessary to complete the project and the sequencing in which the tasks should be performed.

* Making sure that the resources, both human and material, are on hand.

* Delegating responsibilities among the work group to ensure that all participate and feel useful.

* Supervising various tasks or asking others to supervise them.

* Coordinating the various tasks in a logical manner.

* Motivating the work group in a positive manner.

* Documenting all procedures during construction.

* Evaluating the progress of the project in terms of both procedure and process.

Step 10

5 Minutes

Review the objectives and conclude the session.