Cover Image
close this bookUganda's Water Sector Development: Towards Sustainable Systems (SKAT, 1996)
close this folder3. Driving Forces
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentThe physical environment
View the documentState of existing infrastructure
View the documentPressing financial shortages
View the documentNeed for legislative reforms
View the documentInstitutional requirements


By 1986 Uganda's gross national product (GNP) had fallen to below the level it had achieved in 1968. On a per capita basis, Uganda was 35 per cent poorer than it had been at independence. The rural infrastructure (including rural water supply systems) had collapsed. There were very limited funds for simple operation and maintenance — the sector's institutions could hardly pay their own staffing costs. In remote areas the Ugandan Government was incapable of delivering water supply services. External agencies — albeit very few involved — were the only organisations with sufficient funds to support a basic level of servicing and rehabilitation.