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close this bookEnvironmental Change and International Law: New Challenges and Dimensions (UNU, 1992, 493 pages)
close this folderIssues in international environmental law
close this folder7. The legislation and implementation of international environmental law and the third world: the example of China
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentAn overview of international environmental legislation and its implementation
View the documentThe status of third-world states in international environmental legislation and its implementation
View the documentSome personal views and suggestions to encourage a more positive role of the third world in the legislation and implementation of international environmental law
View the documentNotes
View the documentAppendix: a case-study: China's positive attitude toward the adoption and implementation of international environmental legislation
View the documentNotes

Notes

1. Stockholm Declaration of the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment, 16 June 1972,11 I.L.M. 1416 (1972).

2. General peace treaty between Austria, France, Great Britain, Russia, Sardinia, Prussia, and Turkey, Paris. 30 Mar. 1856. 6 International Protection of the Environment, 5388

3. Convention on Nature Protection and Wildlife Preservation in the Western Hemisphere, 12 Oct. 1940, 161 U.N.T.S. 228, 38 A.J.I.L. Supp. 193 (1940); Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals, 23 June 1979, reprinted in 19 I.L.M. (1980).

4. United Nations Conference on the Human Environment, supra note 1.

5. Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 2 Nov. 1973, supra note 2, II, 552.

6. Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. Washington, 3 Mar. 1973. Id. V, 2228.

7. Convention for the Prevention of Marine Pollution from Land-Based Sources, Paris, 4 June 1974. Id. 11, 748.

8. Convention Concerning the Protection of the Rhine against Pollution by Chlorides, 3 Dec. 1976. Id. XXV, 440

9. Convention on Conservation of Nature in the South Pacific, Apia, 12 June 1976. Id. XX, 10.359.

10. Recommendations IX-2 and IX-6 Adopted at the Ninth Consultative Meeting under Article IX of the Antarctic Treaty, London, 19 Sept. 7 Oct. 1977. Id. XXIV, 119.

11. Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals, with Final Act of the conference, Bonn, 23 June 1979. Id. XXIII, 1.

12. Agreement Governing the Activities of States on the Moon and Other Celestial Bodies, New York, 18 Dec. 1979. Id. XXIX, 267.

13. European Water Charter, Strasbourg, 1967, proclaimed 6 May 1968.

14. World Soil Charter, Principle 2,1981, FAO Doc. C/81127 (191).

15. United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, 10 Dec. 1982, 21 I.L.M. 1261 (1982).

16. African Convention on the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, 15 Sept. 1968. 1001 U.N.T.S. 3 (1968). Zaire proposed the World Charter for Nature. which was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly. infra note 17.

17. People's Daily (overseas edition) Sect. 6, 7 Sept. 1990.

18. Wang TieYak, "The Third World and International Law," Chinese Yearbook of International Law, 9-36 (1982).

19. United Nations Convention on the Human Environment, supra note 1.

20. Law of the Sea, supra note 7.

21. Resolution on "Permanent Sovereignty over Natural Resources, G.A. Res. 317, 28 U.N. GAOR Supp. 30, at 52, U.N. Doc. A/9030 (1974).

22. U.N.G.A. res 41/128 of Dec. 1986. General Assembly Official Records: Forty-first Session Supplement No. 53 (A/41/53) at 186.

23. People's Daily (overseas edition) 5 Sept. 1990.

24. United Nations Environment Programme, Report of the Governing Council on the work of its ninth session, 13-26 May 1981, General Assembly Official Records, page 45. Thirty sixth Session Supplement No. 25 (A/36125).

25. World Soil Charter, supra note 6.

26. World Chatter for Nature, adopted by the United Nations General Assembly, 9 Nov. 1982, G.A. Res. 37/7, 37 U.N. GAOR Supp. (no. 51) at 17, U.N. Doc. A/37/51 (1982).

27. Law of the Sea, supra note 7.

28. The United Nations Declaration on the Right to Development was adopted by 146 votes to I (US) with 8 abstentions (Denmark, FRG, Finland, Iceland, Israel, Japan. Sweden. and the UK). U.N.G.A. Res. 41/128 of 4 Dec. 1986, supra note 23.

29. United Nations Conference on the Human Environment, supra note 1.

30. Id. at Recital 7, Principle 24, 1420.

31. Id. at Recital 7, Principles 12, 20-22, and 24,1419,1420.

32. I. Tripp, "The UNEP Montreal Protocol: Industrialized and Developing Countries Sharing the Responsibility for Protecting the Stratospheric Ozone Layer." 20 N. Y. U. J. Int'l L. & Pol'y, 733 (1 988).

33. B.A. Ramundo, Peaceful Coexistence, International Law in the Building of Communism, 14-15 (Johns Hopkins, 1967).