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close this bookEnabling the Safe Use of Biotechnology Principles and Practice (World Bank, 1996)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentForeword
View the documentAcknowledgments
View the documentAbbreviations and acronyms
View the documentIntroduction
Open this folder and view contentsPart one: Principles
Open this folder and view contentsPart two: Practice
View the documentGlossary
View the documentBibliography


This volume was prepared by a team led by John J. Doyle and Gabrielle J. Persley that included Val Giddings, Ivan Morrison, Grace Thitai, Bert Visser, and John Wafula. The team wishes to thank the following for their helpful comments on the draft report: Simon Best, Andina Faragher, Terry Medley, Nancy Millis, Sugiono Moeljopawiro, James Peacock, Colin Rees, and Bill Warner.

The work was conducted under the general direction of Michel Petit, Director of the Agricultural Research and Extension Group of the World Bank. The study originated from work undertaken in Kenya with the National Council for Science and Technology (NCST) and the Kenyan Agricultural Research Institute (KARI). We acknowledge the encouragement given to the work by Professor Karega Mutahi, Permanent Secretary of the Ministry of Research, Technical Training, and Technology; Dr. David Andere, Secretary of NCST; Dr. Cyrus Ndiritu, Director of KARI; and Professor Norah Olembo, Chair of the Kenya Netherlands Biotechnology Platform.

In a review of the approaches taken by various countries, the information resources now available on the Internet through the Biosafety Information Network and Advisory Service of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) were found to be especially valuable. The series of documents on biosafety, commissioned and published by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and the U.S. National Institutes of Health, were also particularly helpful. Examples of good laboratory practice and good industrial large-scale practice, included in chapter 7, are adapted from the OECD's 1992 report Safety Considerations for Biotechnology.

Special acknowledgment is given to the Australian Genetic Manipulation Advisory Committee (GMAC) for allowing us to use as examples in chapters 5 and 6 a number of sections from their Guidelines for the Planned Release of Genetically Manipulated Organisms, Guidelines for Small-Scale Genetic Manipulation Work, and Guidelines for Large-Scale Genetic Manipulation Work. Copyright for the GMAC's guidelines rests with the Commonwealth of Australia.

The editorial assistance of Pamela George Reginal MacIntyre, Amy Smith, Alicia Hetzner, and Virginia Hitchcock is warmly acknowledged. The volume was desk topped by Christian Perez. Tomoko Hirata designed the cover.

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