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close this bookHydropolitics along the Jordan River. Scarce Water and Its Impact on the Arab-Israeli Conflict (UNU, 1995, 272 pages)
close this folder4. Interdisciplinary analysis and the Jordan River watershed
close this folder4.4. Cooperation-inducing implementation: Three examples
View the document(introduction...)
View the document4.4.1 Towards an agreement for sharing existing resources
View the document4.4.2 Negotiations over the mountain aquifer
View the document4.4.3 A Med-Dead or Red-Dead Canal as a cooperation-inducing desalination project

(introduction...)

4.4.1 Towards an agreement for sharing existing resources
4.4.2 Negotiations over the mountain aquifer
4.4.3 A Med-Dead or Red-Dead Canal as a cooperation-inducing desalination project

Given the vital need for a regional water development plan that would incorporate the political realities of the region, as well as the limitations imposed by economics and hydrology, possible steps that might be taken have been described in the above four-stage process for regional water development. Even if the riparians of the Jordan River watershed were to agree to the above process, only the regional water crisis - that is the lack of water in basin for anticipated needs - would be addressed; the water conflict the political tensions attendant on the lack of water- would remain.

The foregoing survey of history, as well as the lessons provided in the sections on political science and ADR, suggest that cooperation-inducing strategies might be incorporated in the process of implementation as well. This section offers three examples of cooperation-inducing implementation. General guidelines, as formulated in chapter 3, include the following:

  1. Control of one's major water sources is of primary concern to each of the riparian entities, and is necessary both to address past and present grievances, and as a prerequisite for market-driven solutions. As such, an initial "dis-integration" of the basin is recommended.
  2. Opportunities for cooperation may be hidden in the details of each entity's bargaining mix.
  3. Water basin development can then proceed from "small and doable" projects to ever-increasing cooperation and integration, remaining always on the cutting edge of political relations.

The three examples of cooperation-inducing implementation are taken from throughout the four stages of basin development described above: (1) towards an agreement for sharing existing resources; (2) cooperation over the mountain aquifer, and (3) a cooperation-inducing regional desalination plan.