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View the documentReactors Can Be Not Only Nuclear But Also Biological, Russia
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Reactors Can Be Not Only Nuclear But Also Biological, Russia

By Eduard Gismatullin, Greenpeace Russia and-nuclear campaign.

Russia is the biggest country in the world, with a huge bio-energy potential which is not being efficiently used across the country. The total potential of bio-mass resources is 7,000 million tonnes of oil equivalent (Mtoe.) for the whole of Russia Of this, according to an official report (* See table), 37.1 Mtoe is technical potential and 24.5 Mtoe is economical potential.

Part of the biomass potential is manare and organic waste of which Russia produces 350 Million tonnes annualy. From this it should be possivle to get 95 Billions of bio-gas equal to 66 Mtoe, almost 1.5 times more than the amount provided by Russian nuclear power plants.

We are spending a fortune on solving the problem of nuclear and organic wastes, and investing money to increase the safety of the nuclear power plants.

We now have a real opportunity to stop dangerous Russian reactors and replace them with alternative sources of energy and energy-efficiency measures. We must seize this opportunity

In Russia, technically accessible and economically profitable know-how does exist which:

· provide autonomous bio-gas stations for producing energy,

· prevent transportation of fuel to remote places. (70% of Russia),

· deal with the organic wastes of farms and cities,

· improve the environment especially around farms where the organic waste pollutes the soil and the nearby rivers,

· produce organic fertilizers.

But bio-gas stations are not very common in the former USSR There is almost no production. In the whole former USSR only about 60-80 reactors were built. There are such great possibilities for this tecnology but since the economic situation is not stable at the moment, and there is obvious prioritization of nuclear and natural gas energy production not enough money is being provided for research into alternative energy resources. Ibis makes it extremely difficult to introduced these technologies into the Russian energy market

Biogas Plant Visited

Last winter and this summer I visited one of the few bio-gas stations in the Moscow suburbs. A group of enthusiasts built, on a small cattle farm, the station BIOEN-I by investing their own money in it in 1994-1995. It should produce energy and fertilizers from the waste of 20-25 cattle and consists of 4 bio-reactors. The station reprocesses 1 ton of biomass a day, producing 40 m3 of bio-gas, enough for 80 kWh and 800 Mjoul of heat as well as I ton of ertizers This energy should be enough for 10 families of 4 people to live in Russian climate conditions

More information on bioreactors:

Center EcoRos, Lomonosavski prospekt 33, bIdg2, office 21, Moscow 117192 Russia Ph: 7 (095) 147 3669, 152 6755. More info on Energy in Russia:

Greenpeace Russia: Dolgorukovskaya str, 21 Moscow 103006, Russia

Ph/fax: 7-(095)-9783950/2519088, email