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close this bookReversing the Spiral - The Population, Agriculture, and Environment Nexus in Sub-Saharan Africa (World Bank, 1994)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentForeword
View the documentAcknowledgments
View the documentAcronyms and abbreviations
Open this folder and view contents1. Introduction
Open this folder and view contents2. Agricultural stagnation and environmental
Open this folder and view contents3. The demographic dimension
Open this folder and view contents4. The Nexus of population growth, agricultural stagnation, and environmental degradation
Open this folder and view contents5. The role of women in production systems
Open this folder and view contents6. A framework for action
Open this folder and view contents7. Reducing population growth
Open this folder and view contents8. Promoting sustainable agricultural development
Open this folder and view contents9. Infrastructure development, migration, and urbanization
Open this folder and view contents10. Managing the natural resource base
Open this folder and view contents11.Conclusion
View the documentStatistical appendix
View the documentBibliography
View the documentThe Authors

Acronyms and abbreviations

ADB

Development Bank

AIDS

Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

CFCs

chlorofluorocarbons

cm

centimeter

CMR

child mortality rate

CNN

cloud condensation nuclei

CPR

contraceptive prevalence rate

DHS

demographic and health survey

FAO

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

FHH

female-headed household

FP

family planning

GEF

Global Environmental Facility

GIS

Geographic Information System

ha

hectare

HYV

higher-yielding variety

IARCs

International Agricultural Research Centers International Bank for Reconstruction and Development

IDA

International Development Association

IEC

information, education, and communication

IITA

International Institute of Tropical Agriculture

IMR

infant mortality rate

IPM

integrated pest management

ITTO

International Tropical Timber Organization

ITCZ

InterTropical Convection Zone

IUCN

World Conservation Union (formerly International Union for Conservation of Nature)

kcal

kilocalorie

km

kilometer

LPG

liquefied petroleum gas

MCH

maternal and child health

mm

millimeter

NARS

National Agricultural Research System

NGO

nongovernmental organization

NRR

net reproduction rate

SPAAR

Special Program for African Agricultural Research

SSA

Sub-Saharan Africa

STDs

sexually transmitted diseases

TFR

total fertility rate

UNDP

United Nations Development Programme

UNEP

United Nations Environment Programme

WFS

World Fertility Survey

WMO

World Meteorological Organization

WRI

World Resources Institute


SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA - POPULATION GROWTH RATES 1980-90


SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA - ARABLE LAND PER CAPITA 1990