Cover Image
close this bookClimate Protection Policies: Can We Afford to Delay? (WRI, 1997, 44 pages)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentACKNOWLEDGMENTS
View the documentFOREWORD
View the document1. INTRODUCTION
Open this folder and view contents2. ACHIEVING THE TRANSITION TO A LESS CARBON-INTENSIVE ECONOMY
View the document3. THE INTERNATIONAL IMPLICATIONS OF U.S. ACTIONS
View the document4. A STRATEGY FOR UNCERTAINTY
View the document5. OPPORTUNITIES FOR ECONOMIC GAINS
View the document6. THE SPEED OF CLIMATE CHANGE
View the document7. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
View the documentREFERENCES
View the documentABOUT THE AUTHOR
View the documentBOARD OF DIRECTORS
View the documentWORLD RESOURCES INSTITUTE
View the documentWORLD RESOURCES INSTITUTE CLIMATE PROTECTION INITIATIVE

REFERENCES

Ahmad, S. (1966), "On the Theory of Induced Innovation," Economic Journal, Vol. 76, pp. 344-357.

Alcamo, J. and G.J.J. Kreileman (1996), "Interim Environmental Impacts of Delaying Emission Controls (Preliminary Results)," Prepared for Workshop on Timing the Abatement of Greenhouse Gas Emissions, Paris, 17-18th June, 1996.

Amano, A. (1996), "On Some Integrated Assessment Modeling Debates," Paper prepared for the IPCC Asia-Pacific Workshop on Integrated Assessment models, 10-12 March, 1997, United Nations University, Tokyo, Japan.

Appliance Magazine (1996), "A Portrait of the U.S. Appliance Industry," September, 1996.

Arrow, K. (1962), "The Economic Implications of Learning-by-doing," Review of Economic Studies, vol. 29, pp. 155-173.

Arthur, W. Brian (1989), "Competing Technologies, Increasing Returns, and Lock-in by Historical Events," Economic Journal, Vol. 99, pp. 116-131.

Azar, C. and H. Rodhe (1997), "Targets for Stabilization of Atmospheric CO2" Science, Vol. 276, June 20th, pp. 1818-1819.

Burtraw, D. and M. Toman (1997), "The Benefits of Reduced Air Pollutants in the U.S. from Greenhouse Gas Mitigation Policies," Discussion paper 98-01, Resources for the Future, Washington, D.C.

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (1997), "1995 Estimates of CO2 Emissions from Fossil Fuel Burning and Cement Manufacturing Based on the United Nations Energy Statistics and U.S. Bureau of Mines Cement Manufacturing Data," Environmental Sciences Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Tennessee.

Chien, David (1997), Personal Communication. Office of Integrated Analysis and Forecasting, Energy Information Administration, September 24th.

Congressional Record (1997), Expressing Sense of Senate Regarding U.N. Framework Convention on Climate Change, Vol. 143, No. 107, July 25th, S. Res, 98.

Cook, E. (1996), "Marking a Milestone in Ozone Protection: Learning from the CFC Phase-Out," Issues and Ideas, World Resources Institute, Washington, D.C.

Cook, E. and A. Miller (1996) "Framing Policies to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Promote Technological Innovation: Lessons from Other Environmental Challenges," Paper presented at Climate Change Analysis Workshop, June 6-7, Springfield, Virginia.

Davis, M.B. (1989), "Lags in Vegetation Response to Greenhouse Warming," Climatic Change, Vol. 15, pp. 75-82.

Dooley, J.J. (1996), "Trends in US Private Sector Energy R&D Funding, 1985-1994," prepared for the Office of Planning and Analysis, Office of Energy Research, U.S. Department of Energy, (DE-AC06-76RLO 1830).

Energy Innovations (1997), Energy Innovations: A Prosperous Path to a Clean Environment., Washington D.C.: Alliance to Save Energy, American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy, Natural Resources Defense Council, Tellus Institute and Union of Concerned Scientists.

Gleick, P.H. and W. Sassin (1990), "Rates and Limits of Temperature, Precipitation and Sea-level Changes," in Rijsberman, F. and R. Swart, Targets and Indicators of Climatic Change, Stockholm Environment Institute.

Goulder, L. and S. Schneider (1997), "Induced Technological Change, Crowding Out, and the Attractiveness of CO2 Emissions Abatement," Working Paper, Stanford University, CA.

Grubb, M. (1997), "Technologies, Energy Systems and CO2 Emissions Abatement," Energy Policy, vol. 25, pp. 159-172.

Gurney, Kevin (1996), "Policy Responses to Climate Change: Does Waiting Have a Price?," Draft research paper prepared for the World Resources Institute.

Harvey, L.D.D (1996), "Development of a Risk-Hedging CO2-Emission Policy, Part I: Risks of Unrestrained Emissions," Climatic Change, Vol. 34, No. 1, September, pp. 1-40.

Institute for Policy Studies (1997), "The World Rank and the G-7: Changing the Earth's Climate for Business," August, Institute for Policy Studies, Washington, D.C.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) (1996a), The Science of Climate Change, Vol. 1 of Climate Change 1995: IPCC Second Assessment Report, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

-. (1996b), Impacts, Adaptations and Mitigation of Climate Change: Scientific-Technical Analyses, Vol. 2 of Climate Change 1995: IPCC Second Assessment Report, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

-. (1996c), The Economic and Social Dimensions of Climate Change, Vol. 3 of Climate Change 1995: IPCC Second Assessment Report, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.

Kamien, M. and N. Schwartz (1968), "Optimal Induced Technical Change," Econometrica, vol. 36, pp. 1-17.

Katz, A. and S. Herman (1997), "Improved Estimates of Fixed Reproducible Tangible Wealth, 1929-95," Survey of Current Business, Vol. 77, May, pp. 69-92.

Kosobud, R., T. Daly, D. South and K. Quinn (1994), "Tradable Cumulative CO2 Permits and Global Warming Control," The Energy Journal, Vol. 15, no. 2 pp. 213-232.

Kydland, F. and E. Prescott (1977), "Rules Rather than Discretion: The Inconsistency of Optimal Plans," Journal of Political Economics, June 1977, Vol. 85(3), pp. 473-491.

Laitner, S. (1997), "WYMIWYG (What You Measure is What You Get): The Benefits of Technology Investment as a Climate Change Policy," Draft paper presented at the 18th Annual North American Conference of the USAEE/IAEE, September 7-10, 1997, San Francisco, CA.

Laitner, S. and J. Symons (1997), Memorandum on Stock Turnover and Energy Efficiency in the Economy, August 8th, 1997.

Lempert, R., M. Schlesinger and S. Bankes, "When We Don't Know the Costs or the Benefits: Adaptive Strategies for Abating Climate Change," Climatic Change, Vol. 33, No. 2, pp. 235-274.

Mackenzie, J. (1997), Climate Protection and the National Interest, World Resources Institute, Washington, D.C.

Manne, A. (1996), "Hedging Strategies for Global Carbon Dioxide Abatement - A Summary of Poll Results," Working Paper, Energy Modeling Forum, Stanford University, CA.

Manne, A. and R. Richels (1997), "On Stabilizing CO2 Concentrations - Cost-Effective Emission Reduction Strategies," Paper presented at the IPCC Asia-Pacific Workshop on Integrated Assessment Models, United Nations University, Tokyo, Japan, 10-12 March 1997.

Martens, W.J.M., Rotmans, J., and Niessen, L.W. (1994)," Climate Change and Malaria Risk: An Integrated Modeling Approach," Global Dynamics and Sustainable Development Programme GLOBO Report Series No. 3, National Institute of Public Health and Environmental Protection, The Netherlands.

Milliman, Scott. R. and R. Prince (1989), "Firm Incentives to Promote Technological Change in Pollution Control," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Vol. 17, pp. 247-265.

Mullins, F. (1996), "Demand Side Efficiency: Energy Efficiency Standards for Traded Products," Working Paper 5, Annex I Expert Group on the UNFCCC.

Reid, W. and J. Goldemberg (1997), "Are Developing Countries Already Doing As Much as Industrialized Countries to Slow Climate Change?" Climate Note, World Resources Institute, Washington, D.C.

Repetto, R. and D. Austin (1997), The Costs of Climate Protection: A Guide for the Perplexed, World Resources Institute, Washington, D.C.

Repetto, R. and C. Maurer (1997), "U.S. Competitiveness is Not at Risk in the Climate Negotiations," Climate Note, World Resources Institute, Washington, D.C.

Richels, R., J. Edmonds, H. Gruenspecht, T. Wigley (1996), "The Berlin Mandate: The Design of Cost-Effective Mitigation Strategies," Working Paper, Energy Modeling Forum, Stanford University, CA.

Rodrik, D. (1989) "Promises, Promises: Credible Policy Reform via Signalling," Economic Journal, Vol. 99, September, pp. 756-772.

Romm, J. and C. Curtis (1996), "Mideast Oil Forever?" The Atlantic Monthly, pp. 57-74.

Schneider, S. (1997), Laboratory Earth: The Planetary Gamble We Can't Afford to Lose, Basic Books, New York.

Schneider, S. and L. Goulder (1997), "Achieving Low-cost Emissions Targets" Nature, Vol. 389, September 4th, pp. 13-14.

Shapiro, R. and C. Soares (1997), "Cut and Invest to Grow: How to Expand Public Investment While Cutting the Deficit," Progressive Policy Institute, July.

United Nations (1996), Annual Populations (The 1996 Revision), Population Division, United Nations, New York.

U.S. Department of Energy (1997a), "Scenarios of U.S. Carbon Reductions, Potential Impacts of Energy Technologies by 2010 and Beyond," Prepared by the Interlaboratory Working Group on Energy-Efficient and Low Carbon Technologies for the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy.

U.S. Energy Information Administration (1997), "Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the United States, 1996," U.S. Department of Energy, DOE/EIA-0573 (96), Washington, D.C.

-. (1996) "Annual Energy Outlook, 1997," U.S. Department of Energy, DOE/EIA-0383(97).

-. (1995), "Technology Forecast Updates," prepared by A.D. Little, ref. no. 416-15, June 20.

-. (1991) "Annual Energy Outlook, 1991," U.S. Department of Energy, DOE/EIA-0383(91).

von Weizs├Ącker, E., A. Lovins and L. Lovins (1997), "Factor Four, Doubling Wealth - Halving Resource Use," Earthscan Publications, London.

Wigley, T, R. Richels and J. Edmonds (1996), "Economic and Environmental Choices in the Stabilization of Atmospheric CO2 Concentrations," Nature, Vol. 319, 18th January, pp. 240-243.

Working Group on Public Health and Fossil-Fuel Combustion (1997), "Short-term Improvements in Public Health from Global Climate Policies on Fossil-Fuel Combustion: An Interim Report," Lancet, Vol. 350, pp. 1341-49.