|Uganda's Water Sector Development: Towards Sustainable Systems (SKAT, 1996)|
|5. Implementation Strategies|
The WAP team designed a strategy for water resources management
that addresses three main considerations:
- Creation of an enabling environment that consists of policies, national legislation, regulations and local by-laws for encouraging sound management of the nation's water resources and constraining potentially harmful practices.
- Creation of an institutional framework that strikes a balance between national, regional and local levels of accountability for the management of water resources.
- Establishment of priorities and planning procedures that enable decision makers to make choices between alternative actions based on agreed policies, available resources, environmental impacts and social and economic consequences.
These fit into the Government's general strategies for the development of the water sector.
Creating an enabling environment
The domestic water supply sector has prominent status within the broader context of water resources. Therefore, the Ugandan Government is focusing its strategies on the sustainable development and management of this sector.
Its policy objective for the domestic water supply sector is:
"provision of water of acceptable quality, in adequate
quantities and within easy reach of every household based on management
responsibility and ownership by the users;
the coverage target on a national basis is 75% of the population in rural areas and close to 100% in urban areas by year 2000 with a 90% effective use and functionality of facilities."
Uganda National Plan of Action for Children (UNPAC, 1992)
The water supply sector in this context incorporates (a) domestic water supply in rural and urban areas, (b) sanitation and sewerage services, and (c) health and hygiene promotion. Further, domestic water demand includes human consumption as well as subsistence garden and livestock watering. Drainage and solid waste removal are understood to be an integral part of any sanitation and sewerage strategy.