|Uganda's Water Sector Development: Towards Sustainable Systems (SKAT, 1996)|
|5. Implementation Strategies|
The draft National Water Policy, identified above, is the primary policy guidance document for the sector. The National Water Policy takes its direction from the Constitution and the National Environmental Management Policy (1994). It includes the policy and strategies for provision of water supply and sanitation services. Through it the Government is attempting to exert influence over the participants in the water supply sector to assist their planning and direct their energies.
The Government anticipates that the emerging policy environment will facilitate management of water resources at the most appropriate levels. It hopes to focus the combined energies of all participants towards the achievement of common objectives. The policies will provide the guidance necessary to cut wastage and improve co-operation. They will generate a constructive environment within which each participant will realise their maximum potential.
As mentioned above, the new Water Statute has been enacted recently. The Statute is the legal cornerstone for administration of the water supply and sanitation sector. The Water Statute is a comprehensive document. However, the Government must support the Statute through appropriate regulations approved by the responsible minister.
Creating an enabling environment
- Government agencies will set the water resources framework,
monitor, mediate and enforce, rather than implement water resource
- The Water Statute, and its associated regulations, will ensure adherence to the National Water Policy.
- Regulatory controls will be introduced only in response to clear needs.
- Costs of administering regulations will be balanced against potential benefits.
- Regulations will be kept at a level consistent with the capacity to enforce them.
- Regulatory controls will be combined with economic incentives, to influence individuals and organisations towards sound management of water resources.
- Guidelines and tools for efficient water resource management will be developed and made available to appropriate institutions and community groups.
- The Water Action Plan will be a continuous process of co-ordinating the preparation of policies, laws, regulations, guidelines and standards; advising on institutional development and training programmes; providing a framework for prioritising and co-ordinating water resource development activities.
Source: Uganda Water Action Plan
The Government has singled out two important areas for the
introduction of improved regulations:
- extraction of surface and groundwater;
- wastewater discharge.
However, it is realistic about the impact it should have on the rural population. Therefore, it will exclude small-scale extraction from regulations if they do not significantly affect the possible use by others of the same resource. Likewise, the scope of wastewater legislation is unlikely to impact upon rural users. The Government is taking a pragmatic view; weighing the perceived and expressed demand from those affected against its administrative and enforcement capabilities.