Cover Image
close this bookSteering Business Toward Sustainability (UNU, 1995, 191 pages)
close this folderPart three: Implementation
close this folder10. Industrial clusters of the twenty-first century
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentZero defects, zero inventory, zero emissions
View the documentFront-end solutions versus end-of-the-pipe solutions
View the documentEconomies of scale
View the documentWill Japan embrace the zero concept?
View the documentThe new clusters
View the documentRecycling of ink and paper
View the documentForestry, perfumes, and preservatives
View the documentSugar, cleansing materials, water softeners and compostable plastics
View the documentBeer, salmon, and cattle
View the documentMore to come
View the documentRethinking industrial policies
View the documentCuffing government costs
View the documentRevitalizing the inner cities
View the documentThe case of China
View the documentThe role of the United Nations University
View the documentConclusion

Rethinking industrial policies

Government at local and regional levels around the world is under great pressure to create new jobs. The high level of unemployment on one hand and the dramatic numbers of young graduates seeking jobs puts a tremendous pressure on the policy makers. They have to find ways to stimulate economic activity.

The emergence of the new industrial clusters described here will offer cities, regions, and countries which see this opportunity an edge in mobilizing investments. The infrastructural needs can be tailored to the new industrial clusters and campaigns to attract specific com panics can be oriented towards this new vision. It will render the industrial partners more competitive and the overall scheme less costly.