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close this bookContribution of People's Participation: Evidence from 121 Rural Water Supply Projects (World Bank, 1995)
close this folderAppendixes
View the documentAppendix 1A - Participation with other direct inputs into water project effectiveness
View the documentAppendix 1B - Participation with eighteen direct and indirect inputs (model 3) into project outcomes
View the documentAppendix 2. Projects rated high in overall effectiveness
View the documentAppendix 3 - Summary of differences between blueprint and learning process approaches
View the documentAppendix 4. Centre for social research: Indicators for sociological monitoring system—Karonga Lakeshore integrated rural groundwater supply project

Appendix 1A - Participation with other direct inputs into water project effectiveness

Dependent variable

Adjusted R²

Participation

Adequacy of facilities

Difficulty in holding staff

Availability of parts

Clarity of objectives

Overall effectiveness

0.85

0.28

0.14

-0.05

0.57

0.22



(5.3)

(1 8)

(-1.1)

(9.6)

(2.9)

Percentage of water system

0.69

0.30

0.10

0.17

0.71

-0.02

in good condition


(3.1)

(0.7)

(-2.0)

(6.6)

(-0.17)

Economic value of benefits

0.67

0.27

0.23

-0.11

0.38

-0.8



(4.1)

(2.5)

(-2 0)

(5.3)

(0.12)

Percentage of target

0.22

0.17

-0.05

-0.12

0.13

0.07

population reached


(1 9)

(-0.4)

(-1.6)

(1 4)

(0.5)

Environmental effects

0.11

0.23

0.01

0.03

0.11

-0.11



(2.8)

(0.07)

(0.4)

(-0 9)

(-0 9)

Equality of access

0.14

0.26

-0.13

-0.05

0.08

0.22



(2 3)

(-0.77)

(-0.5)

(0.5)

(1.44)

Community empowerment

0.74

0.59d

0.24a

-0.04

0.33d

-0.14



(8.2)

(2 3)

(-0.7)

(4.1)

(-1.4)

Water-system task capacity building

0.68

0.70d

0.16

-0.02

0.22a

-0.19



(8.3)

(1 3)

(-0.3)

(2.4)

(-1.7)

Extent local organizations

0.72

1.01d

-0.02

-0.03

0.10

-0.03

strengthened


(10.0)

(-0.16)

(-0.4)

(1.0)

(-0.3)

Net effect on leaders

0.18

0.26b

0.04

0.03

-0.02

-0.03



(2 9)

(0.3)

(0.4)

(-0.2)

(-0.2)

Note: Significance levels are indicated thus: a = significant at 0.05; b = significant at 0.01; c = significant at 0,001; d = significant at 0.0001. Figures in parentheses are t-statistics.