|Sustainable Energy News - No. 23 - Newsletter for International Network for Sustainable Energy - Desertification Theme (INFORSE, 1998, 16 pages)|
Compiled by Gunnar Boye Olesen, INFORSE - Europe
More than 130 concerned NGOs have joined the Environmental Impact Assessment of the K2R4 project, which aims at completing two reactors in Ukraine with EBRD loans. Other countries and nuclear workers have also raised concerns about the project.
The ongoing consultation of the public by the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) about the K2R4 completion project (Khmelnitsky 2 and Rivne 4 reactors) is a focus for many NGOs concerned with the project. The gathering of public input, requested by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), runs until December 15, but might be extended. It officially includes three public meetings in Ukraine and written position statements from NGOs. For groups outside Ukraine, the greatest voice in the process probably will be achieved through the events initiated by NGOs, as well as via the written statements.
The official meetings with the public took place in Neteshin 27 Oct., Rivne 28 Oct., and Kiev 30 Oct. In Neteshin, which is very close to the Khmelnitsky nuclear power plant, workers of the nuclear power plant participated in the meeting. About 200 persons attended the meeting. All of the input received from the attendee opposed the project. The question of salaries was also raised: NPP worker salaries in Netishin have been delayed for one to five months, and morale among the workers is poor.
A number of those who raised concerns had worked as liquidators* at the site of the Chernobyl accident. They raised concerns about radiation, compensation is: sues, and risk insurance. Along with NGOs, the government of Austria has officially entered the EIA process because of its concern for transboundary effects of the K2R4. According to a letter of the Czech Minister of Environment, Austria's officials also decided officially requesting EIA documentation on the K2R4 from Ukraine and following the process to submit its official input.
*The workers that closed the exploded reactor with the sarcophagos are called Chernobyl liquidators.
56 Reasons Not to Complete the K2R4
The CEE Bankwatch Network has collected 56 of the most compelling arguments against completion of the K2R4, with explanations and extensive references. Among the arguments are:
· The new reactors are not needed, because Ukraine has a large overcapacity from other sources.
· The new reactors will not be able to meet acceptable safety standards with the proposed completion projects.
· Completion of the K2R4 is not the most cost-effective investment in the Ukrainian energy sector.
· Investing in the K2R4 will "crowd out" projects for more sustainable uses of energy
· A large majority of the local population opposes the projects.
More information: CEE BankWatch network c/o
Kratka 26, Praha 10, 1000 00.
List by e-mail: Petr.email@example.com.
Ukraine Finds the EBRD Requirements Too Strong
Ukraine President Leonid Kuchma said in the last week of September that the EBRD is proposing unacceptable conditions on a loan for the K2/R4 completion project. He had just discussed a completion project with Russia, including loans from Russia and lower safety standards than those proposed for completion with EBRD and EURATOM funding. The European pro nuclear lobby FORATOM and EU Commission representatives are concerned about this possibility, arguing that, with such a completion project, Chernobyl might not be closed, as this is one of the conditions of the EBRD loan to finish the K2R4.
Environmental NGOs involved in the issue are opposing the K2R4 completion. They generally agreed that a completion with EBRD funding will divert EBRD funding from more sustainable purposes and could set a precedent for multilateral development banks funding nuclear reactors. Further, many observers doubt the ability of Russia to fund the completion.
Greenpeace International is producing a video on nuclear power and environmental activists in Ukraine, mainly for use in the K2R4 campaigns.
More information: Greenpeace lnternational, Todd Southgate,
Keizersgracht 176, 1016 DW Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Action Day Against K2R4, December 14
A SEED Europe is coordinating an action day against K2R4 completion and corresponding EBRD involvement. Action Day is planned on December 14. The idea is:
· to organise a public protest in front of as many EBRD offices as possible (29 offices in 26 countries).
· to organise a public protest in front of all the relevant (Finance) ministries of Western countries that are important shareholders in the EBRD.
· to organise a massive fax/mail action to the EBRD and to its members.
· to add other local activities when possible.
More information: A SEED Europe, att.
Johan Frijns, PO Box 92066, 1090 AB, Amsterdam, the Netherlands,