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close this bookUganda's Water Sector Development: Towards Sustainable Systems (SKAT, 1996)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentForeword
View the documentPreface
View the document1. Introduction
close this folder2. Roller-Coaster Ride
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentLaunched into the abyss
View the documentTurning around the corner
View the documentHeading in the right direction
close this folder3. Driving Forces
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentThe physical environment
View the documentState of existing infrastructure
View the documentPressing financial shortages
View the documentNeed for legislative reforms
View the documentInstitutional requirements
close this folder4. Establishing Sectoral Policies
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentEarly investigations
View the documentProcess of development
View the documentEmerging national policy framework
View the documentNew framework documents
close this folder5. Implementation Strategies
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentCreating an enabling environment
View the documentCreating the institutional framework
View the documentEstablishing the required management procedures and tools
View the documentGeneral strategies for domestic water supply
close this folder6. Moving Forward in the Rural Water Sector
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentRural water supply and sanitation programmes
View the documentArea-based centrally implemented programmes
View the documentDecentralised rural water development
View the documentRural towns water and sanitation programme
View the documentFeatures of the implementation strategy
close this folder7. Potential FOR success
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentKeeping up the momentum
View the documentConstraints on progress
View the document8. Towards 2000

State of existing infrastructure

Close to 90 per cent of Uganda's twenty million people live in the rural areas. The years of neglect took a massive toll on the rural water supply infrastructure. A survey carried out 1981 indicated that more than three quarters of all handpumps in Uganda were inoperable. Despite efforts to strengthen the established construction and maintenance systems during the 5 year Rehabilitation Programme (RP) from 1982 to 1987, most of the field units functioned unsatisfactorily or not at all 8

According to Government estimates, from 1970 to 1989 it channelled some US$ 193 million in external funding into the water sector. However, less than thirty per cent found its way to rural projects — much of this US$ 55 million was mis-allocated. It is not surprising, therefore, that the water supply situation in the late 1980s was one of collapsed systems, inadequate supply of spare parts and little forward progress on rehabilitation. Most of the rural population simply fended for itself.