|Sustainable Energy News - No. 23 - Newsletter for International Network for Sustainable Energy - Desertification Theme (INFORSE, 1998, 16 pages)|
Compiled by Gunnar Boye Olesen, INFORSE - Europe
More than 130 concerned NGOs have joined the Environmental Impact Assessment of the K2R4 project, which aims at completing two reactors in Ukraine with EBRD loans. Other countries and nuclear workers have also raised concerns about the project.
The ongoing consultation of the public by the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) about the K2R4 completion project (Khmelnitsky 2 and Rivne 4 reactors) is a focus for many NGOs concerned with the project. The gathering of public input, requested by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD), runs until December 15, but might be extended. It officially includes three public meetings in Ukraine and written position statements from NGOs. For groups outside Ukraine, the greatest voice in the process probably will be achieved through the events initiated by NGOs, as well as via the written statements.
The official meetings with the public took place in Neteshin 27 Oct., Rivne 28 Oct., and Kiev 30 Oct. In Neteshin, which is very close to the Khmelnitsky nuclear power plant, workers of the nuclear power plant participated in the meeting. About 200 persons attended the meeting. All of the input received from the attendee opposed the project. The question of salaries was also raised: NPP worker salaries in Netishin have been delayed for one to five months, and morale among the workers is poor.
A number of those who raised concerns had worked as liquidators* at the site of the Chernobyl accident. They raised concerns about radiation, compensation is: sues, and risk insurance. Along with NGOs, the government of Austria has officially entered the EIA process because of its concern for transboundary effects of the K2R4. According to a letter of the Czech Minister of Environment, Austria's officials also decided officially requesting EIA documentation on the K2R4 from Ukraine and following the process to submit its official input.
*The workers that closed the exploded reactor with the sarcophagos are called Chernobyl liquidators.
56 Reasons Not to Complete the K2R4
The CEE Bankwatch Network has collected 56 of the most compelling arguments against completion of the K2R4, with explanations and extensive references. Among the arguments are:
· The new reactors are not needed, because Ukraine has a large overcapacity from other sources.
· The new reactors will not be able to meet acceptable safety standards with the proposed completion projects.
· Completion of the K2R4 is not the most cost-effective investment in the Ukrainian energy sector.
· Investing in the K2R4 will "crowd out" projects for more sustainable uses of energy
· A large majority of the local population opposes the projects.
More information: CEE BankWatch network c/o
Kratka 26, Praha 10, 1000 00.
List by e-mail: Petr.firstname.lastname@example.org.
Ukraine Finds the EBRD Requirements Too Strong
Ukraine President Leonid Kuchma said in the last week of September that the EBRD is proposing unacceptable conditions on a loan for the K2/R4 completion project. He had just discussed a completion project with Russia, including loans from Russia and lower safety standards than those proposed for completion with EBRD and EURATOM funding. The European pro nuclear lobby FORATOM and EU Commission representatives are concerned about this possibility, arguing that, with such a completion project, Chernobyl might not be closed, as this is one of the conditions of the EBRD loan to finish the K2R4.
Environmental NGOs involved in the issue are opposing the K2R4 completion. They generally agreed that a completion with EBRD funding will divert EBRD funding from more sustainable purposes and could set a precedent for multilateral development banks funding nuclear reactors. Further, many observers doubt the ability of Russia to fund the completion.
Greenpeace International is producing a video on nuclear power and environmental activists in Ukraine, mainly for use in the K2R4 campaigns.
More information: Greenpeace lnternational, Todd Southgate,
Keizersgracht 176, 1016 DW Amsterdam, Netherlands.
Action Day Against K2R4, December 14
A SEED Europe is coordinating an action day against K2R4 completion and corresponding EBRD involvement. Action Day is planned on December 14. The idea is:
· to organise a public protest in front of as many EBRD offices as possible (29 offices in 26 countries).
· to organise a public protest in front of all the relevant (Finance) ministries of Western countries that are important shareholders in the EBRD.
· to organise a massive fax/mail action to the EBRD and to its members.
· to add other local activities when possible.
More information: A SEED Europe, att.
Johan Frijns, PO Box 92066, 1090 AB, Amsterdam, the Netherlands,
The Free and Applied Internships On Renewables and Efficiency (FAIRE) was organized by the Energy Club of Hungary. It combined English teaching with energy-and NGO-management issues to improve participants' capacity to take part in international cooperation among activists.
From 1997 to 1998, 20 people from Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) and from the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) took part in the program in Budapest. Today, the network includes more than 50 people from CEE, CIS, and from Western European organizations.
The Energy Club is not going to organize this program on an international scale anymore. The Club has developed a handbook (hard copy, later on the web) and will travel-to help the new coordinators set up the program (depending on funds). The Club is looking for local NGOs interested in continuing the program, and will send it to them for free. If your organization is working on renewable energy, energy efficiency, and other alternatives to nuclear power, you could be the next organizer of FAIRE. If you decide to organize FAIRE, you will have to manage all aspects of it, from fundraising to implementation to reporting.
Deadline: January 15,1999.
More information: Nathalie Francoeur Energy Club, PO Box 411, 1519 Budapest, Hungary.
EU Campaign for Renewables
The EU Energy Ministers have approved a "take-off campaign" for renewable energy that is under preparation by the EU Commission. The goals include:
· 10,000 MW of wind turbine capacity in EU countries (currently capacity is 5,000-6,000 MW).
· 10,000 MW of biomass-fuelled cogeneration of heat and power in the KU.
· 500,000 roofs with PV cells on institutions in the EU countries.
· 500,000 PV projects in rural areas in developing countries.
· 100 local areas/islands supplied by 100% renewable energy.
The goals are expected to be reached by 2010, and the campaign is scheduled to start in 1999. The initiative is a follow-up of the EU White Paper on Renewable Energy, December '97.
More information: http://europa.eu.int/eur-lex/en/lif/dat/en_398D0352.html
EU Access Directive for Renewables
The EU Commission is preparing a proposal for a directive on access (feed-in) for renewable energy to the electric grids. The proposal is due before Christmas and will afterwards be discussed by the EU Parliament before eventual approval by the EU Energy Ministers. This directive can give important guidelines on how to include renewable energy in the new electricity market that formally starts in February, the deadline for the implementation in national legislation of the EU Electricity Market Directive. From INFORSE-Europe, we plan to follow closely the discussions on this directive.
Energy Policy for Economies in Transition: (De)Regulation for Development and the Environment.
Framework and debate on energy sector restructuring options for central and eastern European (CEE) economies, focusing on the future of nuclear power and its alternatives in the region, with a special emphasis on improving energy efficiency.
We invite applications from interested academics, policy-makers, NGO representatives, think-tanks, and related private sector representatives, who take part or interest in shaping energy policy in CEE.
Deadline: January 15,1999
The course is free of charge for professionals from CEE and from the former Soviet Union. They receive a grant to cover their costs such as travel, accommodation, and meals. Western participants have to pay a tuition cost of $200 per week. Limited number of tuition waivers are available for western participants.
More information: Diana Ürge-Vorsatz, Central European
University (CEU), Hungary, and William Golove, Lawrence Berkeley National
Laboratory, USA. c/o SUN CEU, Nádor u. 9, Budapest, Hungary 1051,
Tel: +36 13273069, 3273811,
fax: +36 1327 3124,