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close this bookColonization and Environment: Land Settlement Projects in Central America (UNU, 1990, 155 pages)
View the documentNote to the Reader from the UNU
View the documentAbbreviations
View the documentForeword
Open this folder and view contentsIntroduction: Lowland Settlement and Environmental Impacts in Central America
Open this folder and view contents1. The Process of Colonization in Central America
Open this folder and view contents2. Colonization in Costa Rica
Open this folder and view contents3. Colonization in Panama
Open this folder and view contents4. Colonization in Nicaragua
Open this folder and view contents5. Colonization in Honduras
Open this folder and view contents6. Colonization in Guatemala
Open this folder and view contents7. Conclusions
View the documentBibliography

Abbreviations

ACD1 (Canada): Spanish acronym for the Canadian International Development Agency.

ADI (Costa Rica): Agrarian Development Institute (Instituto pare el Desarrollo Agrario), land reform and settlement agency. Formerly ITCO.

AID: See (US) AID

BID: Banco Interamericano pare el Desarrollo (Interamerican Development Bank).

BIRF: Banco Internacional de Reconstrucción y Fomento.

CATIE: Centro Agronómico Tropical de Investigatión y Enseñanza (Tropical Agriculture Research and Training Center), located in Turrialba, Costa Rica.

CNMA (Panama): Comisión Nacional de Medio Ambiente (National Commission for the Natural Environment).

COATLAHL: Cooperativa Agroforestal Atlántida Honduras Limitada (Atlantida Honduras Agroforestry Cooperative, Ltd.).

COHDEFOR (Honduras): Corporación Hondureòo de Desarrollo Forestal (Honduran Corporation for Forestry Development).

COPFA: Comision Panameòa-Americana pare la Prevención de la Fiebre Aftosa (Panamanian-American Commission for the Prevention of Hoof-and-Mouth Disease).

CORFOP (Nicaragua): Corporación Forestal del Pueblo (People's Forestry Corporation).

CRN (Guatemala): Comité de Reconstrucción Nacional (National Reconstruction

Committee), government group formed to administer rebuilding efforts after earthquake.

CSUCA: Programa Centroamericano de Ciencias Sociales.

DICA (Guatemala): Dirección de Colonización Agricola-Instituto de Transformación Agraria.

DIGESA (Guatemala): Dirección General de Servicios Agrícolas (General Directorate for Agricultural Services).

DIGESEPE (Guatemala): Dirección General de Servicios Pecuarios (General Directorate for Animal Production Services).

DRI-I (Guatemala): Desarrollo Rural Integrado (Integrated Rural Development Project, in Izabál region).

DRNR (Costa Rica): Departamento de Recursos Naturales Renovables, CATIE

FAO: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.

FTN (Guatemala): Franja Transversal del Norte settlement area.

FYDEP: Comisión pare el Fomento y Desarrollo Económico del Petén (Commission for the Growth and Economic Development of Petén).

TAN (Nicaragua): Instituto Agrario de Nicaragua (Agrarian Institute of Nicaragua).

TCTA (Guatemala): Instituto de Ciencia y Tecnología Agropecuaria (Institute for Agricultural Science and Technology).

IDIAP: Instituto de Investigación Agropecuario de Panama (Panamanian Agricultural and Animal Research Institute).

IICA: Instituto Interamericano pare la Cooperación Agricultura (Inter-American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture).

INA (Honduras): Instituto Nacional Agrario (National Agrarian Institute).

INAFOR (Guatemala): Instituto Nacional Forestal (National Forestry Institute).

INETER (Nicaragua): Instituto Nacional de Estudios Territoriales (National Institute for Territorial Studies).

INTA (Guatemala): Instituto Nacional de Transformación Agraria (National Institute for Agrarian Transformation).

IRENA (Nicaragua): Instituto Nicaragüense de Recursos Naturales y del Ambiente (Natural Resource Institute).

ITCO (Costa Rica): Instituto de Tierras y Colonización. See ADI.

IUCN: International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.

MAG (Nicaragua): Ministry of Agriculture.

MIDA (Panama): Ministerio de Desarrollo Agropecuario (Ministry of Agricultural Development).

MIDINRA (Nicaragua): Ministerio de Desarrollo Agrario e Instituto de Reforma Agraria (Ministry for Agrarian Development and Reform).

MNR (Honduras): Ministry of Natural Resources.

MZ: manzana.

NCIA (Costa Rica): National Commission for Indian Affairs (Comisión Nacional pare Asuntos Indígenas, CONAI).

NFD (Costa Rica): National Forestry Directorate (Dirección General Forestal), part of the Ministry of Agriculture.

NPF (Costa Rica): National Park Foundation (Fundación de Parques Nacionales), private non-profit conservation group.

NPS (Costa Rica): National Park Service (Servicio de Parques Nacionales), part of the Ministry of Agriculture.

OEA: Organización de los Estados Americanos (Organization for American States).

PNUD: Programa Naciones Unidas Desarollo.

PRICA (Nicaragua): Proyecto Rigoberto Cabezas de Colonización Agricola (Rigoberto Cabezas Agricultural Colonization Project).

RENARE (Panama): Dirección Nacional de Recursos Naturales Renovables).

ROCAP: Regional Office for Central America and Panama, USAID.

SANAA (Honduras): Servicio Nacional de Aguas y Alcantarillas (National Services for Waters and Sewers).

SSF (Honduras): Sistema Social Forestal (Social Forestry System).

UNAN: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de Nicaragua (National Autonomous University of Nicaragua).

UPD (Panama): Universidad Popular del Darién (Public University of Darién).

(US)ATD: (United States) Agency for International Development.

USPADA (Guatemala): Unidad Sectorial de Planificación Agropecuaria y de Alimentación (Sectoral Planning Unit for Food and Agriculture).