|Agricultural Expansion and Pioneer Settlements in the Humid Tropics (UNU, 1988, 305 pages)|
|8. Energy use in West Malaysian rural villages, with special reference to Felda villages|
Four differently structured communities on the west coast of West Malaysia and three villages on the east coast were investigated (table 1). Kuala Teriang and Padang Lalang lie on the island of Langkawi in the state of Kedah. Seberang Pintasan is a fishing village near Dungun (Trengganu). Jerangau also lies in Dungun District, and a village survey in Pahang was carried out in the five mukim of Langgat, Pahang Tua, Pulau Rusa, Ganchong, and Pulau Manis (Pekan District, Pahang). The two other communities, Kpg. Sendayan and Kpg. L.B.J., are settlements which have been newly erected by the country's housing development authority, FELDA (Federal Land Development Authority). Both are in the state of Negri Sembilan.
TABLE 1. Total number of interviewed households and persons
|Households interviewed||Persons interviewed||Percentage of total village population|
Sources: Interviews, July-September 1980; Kuah/Langkawi district office 1980; Pejabat FELDA Kpg. Sendayan and FELDA Kpg. L.B.J. 1980; Dungun and Pekan district office.
Sendayan and L.B.J. (named after the former U. S. president Lyndon Baines Johnson) lie 20 km to the west of Negri Sembilan's capital of Seremban. Both settlements have been in existence since 1963 and are inhabited exclusively by farmers from the FELDA settlement organization who cultivate rubber trees and oil palms. The inhabitants of both settlements are economically substantially better off than the inhabitants of the other villages. Officially, unemployment does not exist, and the incomes are considerably higher. In Kpg. Sendayan 36.1 per cent of all households have an income of more than 400 ringgit (1980). In Kpg. L.B.J. 74.7 per cent of all households questioned also belong to this group. In many cases, members of individual families pursue part-time occupations in addition to their main occupation of farming. Typical examples are: taxi and bus drivers, caretakers, workers on the nearby plantations. It is mainly the Chinese who operate small shops selling food, furniture, or tools for the farming trade, as.well as run their own farms. The water supply for both settlements comes from a central supply network to which all houses are connected. The basic provisions in the two villages do not differ greatly from the other surveyed villages; however, the individual shops of the two FELDA villages were abundantly stocked. Also, substantially fewer complaints about bottlenecks in supplies were to be heard, especially relating to the supply of mineral oil products such as kerosene. The number of religious establishments, schools, etc., is similar to that of the other villages, however Sendayan also has a secondary school.