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close this bookClimate, Biodiversity, and Forests - Issues and Opportunities Emerging from the Kyoto Protocol (WRI, 1998, 40 pages)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentAcknowledgments
View the documentForeword
Open this folder and view contentsIntroduction
Open this folder and view contentsGeneric Issues Associated with Forests and Land-Use Change in The Kyoto Protocol
Open this folder and view contentsThe Treatment of Forests and Land-Use Change in Industrialized Countries
Open this folder and view contentsThe Role of Forests and Land-Use Change in Developing Countries
Open this folder and view contentsTechnical Concerns Associated with Measuring and Verifying Forest and Land-Use Change Emissions and Reductions
View the documentRecommendations
View the documentGlossary
View the documentNotes

Glossary

ACTIVITIES IMPLEMENTED JOINTLY (AIJ): The pilot phase of Joint Implementation, established at the first Conference of the Parties, ending in 1999.

ANNEX I COUNTRIES: The 39 industrialized countries that agreed to binding limitations on greenhouse gas emissions. The Annex I group includes developed economies such as those in the European community, Canada, and New Zealand as well as countries in transition to a market economy such as the Russian Federation, the Czech Republic, Hungary, and Poland.

CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM (ARTICLE 12): The CDM mechanism will allow certified emission reductions from project activities that assist non-Annex I countries in achieving sustainable development, and Annex I countries in complying with greenhouse gas reduction limitations. Participation is voluntary by each party.

GREENHOUSE GASES: Those gases that comprise the atmosphere, both natural and anthropogenic, that absorb and re-emit infrared radiation.

JOINT IMPLEMENTATION: Activities undertaken voluntarily and cooperatively between at least two parties in two or more countries that reduce, avoid, or sequester greenhouse gas emissions.

NON-ANNEX I COUNTRIES: The group of developing countries that do not have binding commitments on greenhouse gas emissions.

PROJECT-BASED CREDIT TRADING (ARTICLE 6): Annex I Parties may trade "emission reduction units" resulting from projects that diminish greenhouse gas emissions or enhance removals.

SINK: Any process, activity, or mechanism that removes a greenhouse gas, an aerosol, or a precursor of a greenhouse gas from the atmosphere.

SOURCE: Any process or activity that releases a greenhouse gas, an aerosol, or a precursor of a greenhouse gas into the atmosphere.