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close this bookBiotechnology and the Future of World Agriculture (GRAIN, 1991)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentAbout grain
View the documentAbout the author
View the documentAbbreviations
View the documentPrologue
View the documentThe fourth resource
Open this folder and view contentsAgriculture in crisis
Open this folder and view contentsThe tools
Open this folder and view contentsThe actors
Open this folder and view contentsProviding the inputs
Open this folder and view contentsTransforming the output
Open this folder and view contentsControlling the profit
Open this folder and view contentsAppropriate biotechnology?
Open this folder and view contentsThe original biotechnologist
View the documentEpilogue

Abbreviations

ACES

Agency for Community Educational Services (Philippine NGO)

BIOTEC

National Institute of Biotechnology and Applied Microbiology (Philippines)

CBS

Cocoa Butter Substitutes

CENARGEN

National Research Centre of Genetic Resources (Brazil)

CGIAR

Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research

CIAT

International Centre for tropical Agriculture

CIP

International Potato Institute (Peru)

CMA

Chemical Manufacturers' Association (US)

CMS

Cytoplasmic Male Sterility

CIMMYT

The International Centre for the Improvement of Maize and Wheat (Mexico)

DNA

deoxyribonucleic acid

EEC

European Economic Community

EMBRAPA

Brazilian Public Corporation for Agricultural Research

EPC

European Patent Convention

EPO

European Patent Office

FAO

Food and Agriculture Organization (UN)

GATT

General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade

GELPACEA

Group of Latin American and Caribbean Sugar Exporting Countries

HFCS

High Fructose Corn Syrup

HYV

High Yielding Varieties

IARC(s)

International Agricultural Research Centre(s)

ICA(s)

Interfirms Cooperation Agreement(s)

ICGEB

International Centre for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology

ICRISAT

International Crop Research Institutes for the Semi-Arid Tropics

IITA

International Institute for Tropical Agriculture

ILO

International Labour Organization (Office) ( UN )

ILRAD

International Laboratory for Research on Animal Diseases (Kenya)

IRRI

International Rice Research Institute

IUCN

International Union for the Conservation of Nature

KENGO

Kenya Energy and Environment Organizations

KNBTB

Dutch Organization of Catholic Farmers and Horticulturists

LDC

Lesser-developed Country

NBF

New Biotechnology Firm

NGO(s)

Non-governmental Organization(s)

NICs

Newly Industrializing Countries

OECD

Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development

OTA

Office of Technology Assessment (US)

PBR

Plant Breeders' Rights

PGI

Plant Genetics Incorporated (US)

PMA

Pharmaceutical Manufacturers' Association ( US)

PRONAB

National Biotechnology Programme (Brazil)

R&D

research and development

SCO(s)

Single Cell Oil(s)

SCP

Single Cell Protein

SEARICE

Philippine based Community Organization

TNCs

Transnational Corporations

TRIPS

Trade Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights

UNCTAD

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development

UNIDO

United Nations Industrial Development Organization

UNRISD

United Nations Research Institute for Social Development

UPON'

Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants

US-ITC

US International Trade Commission

WIPO

World Intellectual Property Organization (UN)

ZSAN

Zimbabwe Seeds Action Network