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close this bookBiological Monitoring: Signals from the Environment (GTZ, 1991)
close this folderBioindicators for monitoring of atmospheric pollutants in Asian countries
View the document(introduction...)
View the document1. Introduction
Open this folder and view contents2. Applied biological monitoring techniques in Asia, with special consideration given-to the developing countries
Open this folder and view contents3. Summary in table form of the surveyed publications
View the document4. Conclusions
View the documentReferences
View the documentChemical Substances and Compounds
View the documentGlossary

References

INDIA

AGRAWAL, M., 1985. Plant factors as indicators of SO2 and 03 pollutants. Symp. Biomonitoring State Environ.: 225231.

AGRAWAL, M.; P.K. NANDI and D.N. RAO, 1982. Effect of ozone and sulphur dioxide pollutants separately and in mixture on chlorophyll end carotenoid pigments of Oryza sativa. Water,AirandSoilPollution 18 (4): 449-454.

AGRAWAL, Y.K.; M.P. PATEL and S.S. MERH, 1981. Research report: Lead in soils and plants: its relationship to traffic volume and proximity to highway (Lalbag, Baroda City).lnter.J. Environmental Studies 16: 222-224.

AGRAWAL, Y.K.; G. PRAKASH; VIRENDRA PAL SINGH and V. SINGH, 1980. Some effects of fluoride pollutant on the seed growth and productivity in Pisum sativum. Science and Culture (India), 46 (4): 135- 136.

AGRAWAL, Y.K.; K.P.S. RAJ; S.J. DESAI; S.G. PATEL and S.S. MERH, 1980. Effect of lead from motor-vehicle exhausts on plant and soil along a major thoroughfare in Baroda City. Inter. J. Environmental Studies 14 (4): 313315.

AHMAD, K.J. and M. YUNUS, 1985. Leaf-surface characteristics as indicators of air pollution. Symp. Biomonitoring State Environ.: 254-257.

BANERJEE, A.; R.K. SARKAR and S. MUKHERJI, 1983. Reduction in soluble protein and chlorophyll contents in a few plants as indicators of automobile exhaust pollution. Intern. J. Environmental Studies 20: 239-243.

BHATNAGAR, A.R.; A.B. VORA and T.S. PATEL, 1985. Measurement of dustfall on leaves in Ahmedabad and its effects on chlorophyll. Indian J. Air Pollution Control, 6 (2): 77-90.

BHIRAVAMURTHY, P.V; P.V. KUMAR; P. RETHY and Y.V. ANURADHE, 1985. Foliar traits as indicators of air pollution in Cassia tora L. and Pergularia daemia (Forsk.) Blatt.&McC. Symp. Biomonitoring State Environ.: 249253.

BORALKAR, D.B., in press: Effects of atmospheric pollution due to glass industry on plants in Karad, Maharashtra.

BORALKAR, D.B. and U. MUKHERIEE, in press: Use of alfalfa plants for the ambient air quality monitoring in the city of Delhi.

BORALKAR, D.B.; U. MUKHERJEE and S.B. SINGH, in press: Increase of lead concentration in ambient air during the IX. Asian Games. New Delhi, 1982, as indicated by the plants.

CHAPHEKAR, S.B.. 1972. Effects of atmospheric pollutants on plants in Bombay. J. Biol. Sci., Bombay (15): 1-6.

CHAPHEKAR, S.B., 1978. Biological indicators: The concept and new additions. Int. J. Ecol. Environ. Sci. (4): 4552.

CHAPHEKAR, S.B., 1978. Urban ecosystems-a challenge for plant ecologists. Int. J. Ecol. Environ. Sci. (4): 19-31.

CHAPHEKAR, S.B., M. RATNA KUMAR and V. BHAVANI SHANKAR, 1985. Biomonitoring of industrial air pollution with plants. Symp. Biomonitoring State Environ.: 258-263.

DAS, T.M., 1985. Lower and higher plant groups as indicators of air pollution. Symp. Biomonitoring State Environ.: 232-234.

DEBNATH, H.S. and M.P. NAYAR, 1983. Comparative studies on the stomata of some arboreal taxa in the industrial area and non-industrial area of greater Calcutta. Indian J. Bot. 6 (1): 58-60.

EIAS/1/1985-1986: Impact of autoexhaust lead pollution on vegetation in union territory of Delhi Ecological Impact Assessment Series.

JAFRI, S.; K. SRIVASTAVA and K.J. AHMAD, 1979. Environmental pollution and epidermal structure in Syzygium cuminii (L.) Skeel. Indian J. Air Pollut. Control (2): 74-77.

KULSHRESTHA, K.; M. YUNUS; A.K. DWIVEDI and K.J. AHMAD, 1980. Effect of air pollution on the epidermal traits of Jasminium sambac Ait. New Botanist (7): 193- 197.

LAL, B. and R.S. AMBASHT, 1980. Effect of cement dust pollution on plants of Psidium guayava. Indian J. Environ. HLTH 22 (3): 231 -237.

LAL, B. and R.S. AMBASHT, 1981. Impairment of chlorophyll content in leaves of Diospyrus melanoxylon by fluoride pollution. Water, Air and Soil Pollution ( 16): 361 -365.

MEENAKSHY, V.; T.N. MAHADEVAN and U.C. MISHRA, 1981. Nature and extent of bio-magnification of fluoride in forage around a phosphatic fertilizer plant. In: Workshop on Biological Indicators and Indices of Environmental Pollution 1981 Cent. Bd. Prav. Cont. Water Poll./Osm. Univ. Hyderabad, India.

MISHRA, L.C., 1982. Effect of environmental pollution on the morphology and leaf epidermis of Commelina bengalensis Linn. Environmental Poll. A, (28): 281-284.

MISHRA, U.C., 1985. Bioindicators as environmental pollution identifiers. Symp. Biomonitoring State Environ.: 235242.

PARTHASARATHY, S.; N. ARUNACHALAM; K. NATARAJAW; G. OBLISAMI and G. RANGASWAMI, 1975. Effect of cement dust pollution on certain physical parameters of maize crop and soils. Indian J. Environ. HLTH 17 (2): 114-120.

PERIASAMY, K. and M. VIVEKANANDAN, 1982. Morphological and physiological effect of coal particle pollution on some angiosperms. Comp. Physiol. Ecol. 7 (3): 157- 160.

PRASAD, B.J. and D.N. RAO, 1980. Energetics of SO2 exposed wheat plants. In: 5th International Clean Air Congress Buenos Aires, Argentina, 20-26 Oct. 1986.

PRASAD, B.J. and D.N. RAO, 1981. Effects of SO2 exposure on carbohydrate contents, phytomass and caloric values of wheat plants. Water, Air and Soil Pollution 16 (3): 287-291.

RANGASAMY, S.R. SREE and R. JAMBULINGAM, 1973. Cement dust pollution on maize crop. Madras agris. J. 60: 1310-1313.

RAO, D.N., 1980. Response pattern of SO2-exposed and concomitantly rain-drenched alfalfa plants. In: 5th Intern. Clean Air Congress Buenos Aires, Argentina, 20-26 Oct. 1986.

RAO, D.N., 1985. Biomonitoring of air quality. Symp. Biomonitoring State Environ.: 262-263.

RAZA, S.H.; N. VIJAYA KUMARI and M.S.R. MURTHY, 1985. Air pollution tolerance index of certain plants of Hyderabad. Symp. Biomonitoring State Environ.: 243-245.

SHETYE, R.P. and S.B. CHAPHEKAR, 1978. An inexpensive method for the determination of airborne dusts. Proc. Symp. Man and His Environment, Bombay (in press).

SINGH, S.N. and D.N. RAO, 1978. Effect of cement dust pollution on soil properties and on wheat plants. Indian J. Environ. HLTH 20 (3): 258-267.

SINGH, S.N. and D.N. RAO, 1980. Ecophysiological responses of eggplants to 03, SO2 and a mixture of these two gases. In: 5th Intern. Clean Air Congress Buenos Aires, Argentina, 20-26 Oct. 1986.

SINGH, S.N. and D.N. RAO, 1980. Studies of the effects of SO2 pollution on Phaseolus aureus plants. In: 5th Intern. Clean Air Congress Buenos Aires, Argentina, 20-26 Oct. 1986.

SINGH, S.N. and D.N. RAO, 1980. Evaluation of photosynthetic potential of wheat plants exposed to cement dust pollution. In: 5th Intern. Clean Air Congress Buenos Aires, Argentina, 20-26 Oct. 1986.

SINGH, S.N. and D.N. RAO, 1981. Certain responses of wheat plants to cement dust pollution. Environmental Pollution A (24): 75-81.

SRIVASTAVA, K.; S. JAFRI and K.J. AHMAD, 1980. Effect of air pollution on epidermal features of Tabernaemontana coronaria Willd., New Botanist (7): 167- 170.

SRIVASTAVA, K.; S. JAFRI and K.J. AHMAD, 1982. Effect of air pollution on cuticular features of Croton sparsiflorus Morong. New Botanist (9): 27-29.

VARSHNEY, C.K., 1985. Pollen bioassay for air quality monitoring. Symp. Biomonitoring State Environ.: 246-248.

VARSHNEY, S.R.K. and C.K. VARSHNEY, 1981. Effect of sulphur dioxide on pollen germination and pollen tube growth. Environmental Pollution A, (24): 87-92.

VORA, A.B.; A.R. BHATNAGAR and T.S. PATEL, 1986. Comparative studies of dust fall on the leaves in high pollution and low pollution areas of Ahmedabad. ll. Effect on carbohydrates. J. Environ. Biol. 7 (3): 155-163.

YUNUS, M. and K.J. AHMAD, 1980. Effect of air pollution on Psidium guayava L. Indian J. Air Pollut. Control (3): 62-66.

YUNUS, M. and K.J. AHMAD, 1981. Changes in cuticular and epidermal features of Calotropis procera (Asclepiadaceae) due to air pollution. Kalikasan Philipp. J. Biol. (10): 275-282.

YUNUS, M; K.J. AHMAD and R. GALE, 1979. Air pollutants and epidermal traits in Ricinus communis L Environ. Pollut. (20): 189-198.

YUNUS, M; K. KULSHRESTHA; A.K. DWIVEDI and K.J. AHMAD, 1982. Leaf surface traits of Ipomoea fistulosa Mart. ex Choisy as indicators of air pollution. New Botanist (9): 39-45.

CHINA

CAO HONGFA et al., 1985. Responses of plants to SO2 pollution (A Survey). Journal of Environment Science (6): 59-66.

CAO HONGFA and O.C. TAYLOR, 1985. Growth and stomata! response of pinto bean under long-time exposure of low concentration SO2. Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae 5 (2): 234-238.

CHENG DONG-JI et al., 1983. Monitoring and assessing fluoride pollution in atmosphere with trees in Hang Zhou. Journal of Environment Science (5): 49-52.

CHEN QINGNAN, 1984a. The use of Tian Jin colour infrared film in the study of the relationship between vegetation and air pollution. Acta Phytoecologica et Geobotanica Sinica (2): 112-122.

CHEN QINGNAN, 1984b. Relationship between S content of tree leaves and air SO2 pollution in Tian Jin. Journal of Ecology(5): 15-19.

DUN WAN-AU; DONG BAOXIAN and LIU JUNYAN, 1985. The effect of lead pollution monitoring by chromosome distortion of plant cells. Environmental Science in China 5 (1): 45 -49.

DENG RUI-WEN, 1985. The effects of fluoride pollution by an Al smeltery on plants in Lan-Zhou. Acta Phytophysiologica et Geobatanica Sinica (2): 132-141.

FANG CAI-GIN and DUAN JI-GUANG, 1982. Problems of woods for purifying SO2 in the ambient air. Journal of Environment Science (4): 35-38.

GAO DE and LIU HUANZHI, 1985. Influence of air fluoride pollution on herbages. Journal of Ecology (3): 5-9.

HE YAN-LING and JIA XIU-FENG, 1986. The effect of air pollution by chloride and sulphur dioxide on the soluble carbohydrate in common tree leaves in the north of China. Plant Physiology Communications (1): 22-24.

JIANG MEI-ZHEN, 1983. Effects of sulphur dioxide in the ambient air on the flowers. Journal of Environment Science(1): 39-40.

LI DENG-KE, 1986. The application of liverworts in environmental monitoring. Shanghai Environmental Science (4): 23-24.

QIAN DAFU et al., 1984. Mulberry silkworm ecosystem affected with fluoride. Journal of Envirottment Science (1): 7-11.

SHI GUANO, 1986. A preliminary study on the selection of anti-atmospheric F-pollution tree species in urban district. Journal of Ecology 5 (1): 48-49.

SONG, YONGCHANG and GU, YONGJIE, 1988: Assessment of heavy metal content in city trees to monitor air pollution. Urban Environm. and Urban Ecol. 1: 34-38.

WANG HUAN-XIAO and WU YU-SHU, 1981. The changes of leaf liquid pH and cell membrane permeability after being harmed by chlorine. Environmental Science in China (5): 61 -64.

YIAN LI-YING and ZHU TIANJI, 1983. Using plants to monitor and evaluate the level of sulphur dioxide pollution in the atmosphere of Guang Zhou City. Acta Phytoecologica et Geobotanica Sinica 7 (4): 265-272.

YIAN LI-YING et al., 1985. Effects of air around a sulphur factory on peroxidase in the leaves of plants. Joutnal of Environment Science 6 (2): 7- 12.

ZANG CHUN-XING et al., 1984. Lead content in leaves of woody plants as an index of air lead pollution. Journal of Ecology (4): 5-9.

HONG KONG

HO, Y.B. and K.M. TAI, 1979. Effect of rain on lead levels in roadsides vegetation in Hong Kong. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 23 (4/5): 658-660.

THROWER, S.L., 1980. Air pollution and lichens in Hong Kong. Lichenologist 12 (3): 305-311.

WONG, M.H., 1978. An ecological survey of the effect of sulfur dioxide emitted from an acid work factory. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 19 (6): 715-723.

WONG, M.H. and F.Y. TAM, 1978. Lead contamination of soil and vegetables grown near motorways in Hong Kong. J. Environ. Sci. Health, A,13 (1): 13-22.

JAPAN

FUJINUMA, Y. and 1. AIGA, 1980. Selected rice strains as an indicator plant for air pollution. In: SASA, M.: Studies on the effects of air pollutants on plants and mechanisms of phytotoxicity. Research report from the National Institute for Environmental Studies (11): 255-262.

FURUKAWA, A. et al., 1980. The effect of SO2 on net phytosynthesis in sunflower leaf. In: SASA, M.: Studies on the effects of air pollutants on plants and mechanisms of phytotoxicity. Research report from the National Institute for Environmental Studies (11): 1 -8.

FURUKAWA, A. et al., 1980. Interspecific difference in resistance to sulfur dioxide. In: SASA, M.: Studies on the efforts of air pollutants on plants and mechanisms of phytotoxicity. Research report from the National Institute for Environmental Studies (11): 113 - 126.

KATASE, M. et al., 1983. The relationship between absorption of SO2 and inhibition of photosynthesis in several plants. Bot. Mag. Tokyo (96): 1 - 13.

MATSUNAKA, S., 1977. Utilization of morning glory as an indicator plant for photochemical oxidants in Japan. Proc. of IV Int. Clean Air Congress Tokyo: 91 -94.

MATSUSHIMA, 1., 1977. Sensitivities of plants to ethylene and nitrogen dioxide and the characteristic changes in fine structure of the cell. In: KASUGA, S. et al.: Proc. of IV Int. Clean Air Congress Tokyo: 112 - 115.

NAKAMURA, H. and Y. OTA, 1975. Photochemical oxidants injury in rice plants. 1.: Occurrence of photochemical oxidants injury in rice plants at Kanto area (Japan) and its symptoms. Proc. Crop. Sci. Soc. Japan 44 (3): 312-319.

NAKAMURA, H. and Y. OTA, 1977. Investigation on injury to rice plants from photochemical oxidants in Japan. Proc. of IV Int. Clean Air Congress Tokyo: 103- 105.

NOUCHI, I.; T. SAWADA and T. ISHIGURO, 1977: Studies on injury of morning glory leaves by photochemical oxidants. Proc. of IV Int. Clean Air Congress Tokyo: 95-99.

NOUCHI, I. and K. AOKI, 1979. Morning glory as photochemical oxidant indicator. Environ. Pollut. (18): 289-303.

OMASA, K. et a]., 1980. Evaluation of air pollution injury to plants by image processing. In: SASA, M.: Studies on the effects of air pollutants on plants and mechanisms of phytotoxicity. Research report from the National Institute for Environmental Studies (11): 249-254.

SHIMIZU, H. et al., 1980. Effects of low concentrations of SO2 on the growth of sunflower. In: SASA, M.: Studies on the effects of air pollutants on plants and mechanisms of phytotoxicity. Research report from the National Institute for Environmental Studies (11): 9 - 17.

USHIJIMA, T. and T. TAZAKI, 1977. The influence of SO2 on the photosynthetic and transpiration rate in several higher plants. In: KASUGA, S. et a].: Proc. of IV Int. Clean Air Congress Tokyo: The Japanese Union of Air Pollution Prevention Associations: 84-87.

YAMAZOE, F. and H. MAYUMI, 1977. Vegetation injury from interaction of mixed air pollutants. In: KASUGA, S. et al.: Proc. of IV Int. Clean Air Congress Tokyo: The Japanese Union of Air Pollution Prevention Associations: 106-109.

YONEYAMA, T. et al., 1980. Absorption of atmospheric NO2 by plants and soils. V. Day and night NO2 fumigation effect on the plant growth and estimation of the amount of NO2 nitrogen absorbed by plants. In: SASA, M.: Studies on the effects of air pollutants on plants and mechanisms of phototoxicity. Research report from the National Institute for Environmental Studies (11): 31 -50.

KOREA

LEE, U.-H. ; C.W. PARK; S. K. LEE and U. H. HONG, 1982. Untersuchungen zur Bewertung der Umweltbelastung durch Flechten. Inst. f. Wissenschaft und Technik, Abt. Umwelt, Seoul, Sudkorea.

MALAYSIA

AWANG, M. and N. ZAINUN, 1985. Physiological responses of ornamental plants (Petunia spp., Ixora javanica and Cinnamon iners) to SO2 with special reference to Kuala Lumpur ambient air pollution. Symp. Biomonitoring State Environ.: 106-113.

THAILAND

SUCKCHAROEN, S., 1980. Mercury contamination of terrestrial vegetation near a caustic soda factory in Thailand. Bull. Environm. Contam. Toxicol. (24): 463-466.

GENERAL REFERENCES (see ARNDT)

ARNDT, U., NOBEL, W. and SCHWEIZER, B.,1987: Bioindikatoren - Moglichkeiten, Grenzen und neue Erkenntnisse. Stuttgart, Ulmer Verlag.

DASSLER, H. G. and S. BORTITZ, 1988: Air pollution and its influence on vegetation Junk Publ., Dordrecht, Boston, Lancaster.

FLOOR, H. and A.C. POSTHUMES, 1977. Biologische Erfassung von Ozon- und PAN-lmmissionen in den Niederlanden 1973, 1974 und 1975. VDI-Bericht Nr.270: 183-190.

GILBERT, O.L., 1974. An air pollution survey by school children. Environ. Pollut. (6): 175-180.

STEUBING, L. and H.J. JAGER (eds.), 1982:Monitonng of air pollutions by plants. Junk Publ., The Hague.

VDI-Richtlinie 3792, Blatt 1: Verfahren der standardisierten Graskultur. VDI-Handbuch Reinhaltung der Luft, 1978.