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close this bookBiological Monitoring: Signals from the Environment (GTZ, 1991)
close this folderBioindicators for monitoring of atmospheric pollutants in Asian countries
View the document(introduction...)
View the document1. Introduction
Open this folder and view contents2. Applied biological monitoring techniques in Asia, with special consideration given-to the developing countries
Open this folder and view contents3. Summary in table form of the surveyed publications
View the document4. Conclusions
View the documentReferences
View the documentChemical Substances and Compounds
View the documentGlossary

Chemical Substances and Compounds

Aluminum

Al

Ammonia

NH3

Ammonium

NH4+

Antimony

Sb

Bromine

Br2

Cadmium

Cd

Calcium

Ca

Calcium fluoride

CaF2

Calcium sulfate

CaSO4

Carbon dioxide

CO2


Chlordane 2,3,4,5,6,7,8,8 -octochloro-2,3,3a-4,7,7a-hexa-hydro-4,7-endomethanoindene

Copper

Cu


Dichlorodiphenyldichloroethane: DDD=(2,2-bis(para-chlorophenyl)- 1, 1 -dichlo


Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane: DDT=(2,2-bis(para-chlorophenyl)- 1, 1, 1 -trichlo


Dichlorodiphenyldichlorolethylene: DDE=(2,2-bis(para-chlorophenyl)- 1, 1 -dichloroethylene)


(Dimethylmercury) Endrine (C12H8OCl6) 1,2,3,410, 1 0-hexachloro-6,7-epoxiI ,4,4a,5,6,7,8,8 a-; octabydroendo- 1,4-endo-5,8-dimenthanoaphtalene

Ethylene

C2H4

Fluorine

F2


Hexachlorobenzene:HCB


Hexane: C6H14

Hydrochloric acid

HCl

Hydrogen fluoride

HF

Hydrogen sulfide

H2S

Iron

Fe

Lead

Pb


Lindane: C6H6Cl6 (gamma-hexachlorocyclohexane)

Magnesium

Mg

Manganese

Mn

Mercury

Hg

Methane

CH4

Methylmercury

HgCH3, Hg(CH3)2

Molybdates

M2 MoO4, MoO4--

Nickel

Ni

Nitrogen

N2

Nitrogen dioxide

NO2

Nitrogen oxides

NOX

Orthophosphate

PO4--, Me3PO4

Ozone

O3


Pentachlorophenol PCP (C6Cl5OH)


Pentacyclic triterpenes: Squalenoids; a group of organic compounds containing a skeleton of 30 carbon atoms and composed of 6 isoprene units, with 5 carbon rings. e.g. urasane (a-amyrin)

Perchloric acid

HClO4; also known as Fraude's reagent

Perchlor Ethylene

C2Cl4


Perchloroethylene: PER, tetrachloroethylene. (CCl2CCl2)

Phosphorus

P

Polychlorinated biphenyl

PCB.

- Normally a multitude of different PCB's, characterized by varying extent of chlorination: position and number of Cl-atoms connected to the C-atoms of the biphenyl may vary. These PCB's differ in quality and quantity of impact on living organisms. In many cases they are accompanied by other toxic substances such as dioxines.


Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons: Hydrocarbon molecule with two or more closed rings, such as naphtalene; also known as polynuclear hydrocarbons

Potassium

K

Radioactive isotope of cobalt

Co-60

Radioactive isotopes of plutonium

Pu-238 etc.

Sodium chloride

NaCl

Steranes

Cycloalkanes derived from a sterol. Any compound with one or more sulfur atoms in which the sulfur is connected directly to a carbon, metal or other non-oxygen atom; for example, sodium sulfide (Na2S)

Sulfide

S2-

Sulfur

S

Sulfur dioxide

SO2

Tin

Sn

Titanium

Ti

Tungsten

W

Zinc

Zn