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close this bookBioconversion of Organic Residues for Rural Communities (UNU, 1979)
close this folderPossible applications of enzyme technology in rural areas
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentBiocatalytic processes
View the documentEnzyme hydrolysis of manioc
View the documentWhole cell systems
View the documentCellulose degradation and utilization
View the documentTransfer of enzyme technology to rural communities
View the documentConclusions
View the documentReferences
View the documentDiscussion summary


1. R.A. Messing, Immobilized Enzymes for Industrial Reactors Academic Press, New York, 1975.

2. A.C. Olson and C.L. Cooney, Immobilized Enzymes in Food and Microbial Processes, Plenum Press, New York,1974,

3. O.R. Zaborskv, Immobilized Enzymes, CRC Press, Cleveland, Ohio,1973.

4. T.R. Jack and J.E. Zajic, "The immobilization of Whole Cells," Adv. Biochem. Eng. 5: 125 (1977).

5. J.F. Menchu and C. Rolz, "Coffee Fermentation Technology," paper presented at the American Chemical Society Meeting in Washington, D.C., 13 - 17 Sept. 1971, (unpublished),

6. AID Contract No. csd/2497. A Literature Review and Research Recommendations on Cassava, 1972.

7. J.C. Ayres, "Manioc: The Potential Exists for Increased Use of This Tropical Plant and Its Products," food Technol. 26: 128 (1972).

8. A.C.A. Lages and S.R. Tannenbaum, "Production of Glucose from Tapioca (Cassava Starch) and Farinha de Mandioca (Cassava Meal)," J. food Sci. 43: 1012 (1978)

9. G.G. Teixeira, "Produsao de alcool de Mandioca," Bragantia 10:278 (1950).

10. J. Gordon, M. Jiminez, C.L. Cooney, and D.I.C. Wang, "Sugar Accumulation during Enzyme Hydorlysis and Fermentation of Cellulose, "AIChE Symposium Series No.181, 74: 91 (1978).

11. I.V. Gorbacheva and N.A. Rodionova, "Studies on Xylan Degrading Enzymes. I. Purification and Characterization of endo-1 -4-ß-Xylanase from Aspergillus niger str. 14, " Biochem. Biophys. Acta 484: 79 (1977).

12. S-D. Wang, "Production of Ethanol from Cellulose by Clostrium thermocellum," Master of Science Thesis, Department of Nutrition and Food Science, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1979.

13. C.L. Cooney, D.I .C. Wang, S -D. Wang, J. Gordon, and M. Jiminez, "Simultaneous Cellulose Hydrolysis and Ethanol Production by a Cellulolytic Anaerobic Bacterium," Biotech. Bioeng. Symposium Series No.8. (in press.)