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close this bookBiodiversity Prospecting - A World Resources Institute Book (WRI, 1993, 352 pages)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentForeword
View the documentAcknowledgments
close this folderI. A New Lease on Life
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View the documentGrowing Demand for Genetic and Biochemical Resources
View the documentWhat is at Stake?
close this folderThe Evolution of Biodiversity Prospecting Institutions
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View the documentProperty Rights
View the documentInternational Agreements
View the documentBiodiversity Prospecting Intermediaries
close this folderBiodiversity Prospecting Guidelines
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View the documentRole of Intermediaries
View the documentCompany-Collector Contracts
View the documentProperty Rights
View the documentLegal Guarantees
View the documentTechnology Policy
View the documentInternational Agreements
View the documentNotes
View the documentBibliography
close this folderII. Costa Rica's Conservation Program and National Biodiversity Institute (INBio)
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View the documentBackground
View the documentInstitutional Groundwork
View the documentINBio's Emergence
View the documentINBio's Legal, Physical, and Administrative Structure
View the documentThe Financial Challenge
View the documentThe National Biodiversity Inventory and Allied INBio Efforts
close this folderIII. Biodiversity Prospecting by INBio
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View the documentEssential Types of Collaboration
View the documentThe Search for Wildland Chemicals
View the documentManaging Biodiversity Information for Biodiversity Prospecting
View the documentCollaborations with Universities, Government Agencies, and NGOs
View the documentFostering Drug Discovery and Local Expertise
View the documentAgreements and Contracts with the Industrial and Commercial Sector
View the documentNational Policy
close this folderIV. Contracts for Biodiversity Prospecting1
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View the documentThe Strengths and Limitations of Contracts
close this folderParties to Contractual Agreements for the Supply of Biological Samples
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View the documentIndustry
View the documentCollectors
View the documentIn-country Collaborators
View the documentAdvance Payments and Royalties for Sample Supplies
close this folderNon-Monetary Compensation and Technology Transfer
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View the documentScreening for tropical diseases
View the documentResearch exchanges and support
View the documentDistribution of drugs
View the documentSupplies of Raw Material
close this folderTraditional Knowledge and Rights of Local Peoples
View the documentEthnobotanical Data and Industry Research Programs
View the documentCollectors' Obligations to Local Communities
View the documentThe Return of Benefits to Local People
View the documentConservation Provisions
View the documentConclusion
View the documentNotes
View the documentBibliography
close this folderV. Research Management Policies: Permits for Collecting and Research in the Tropics
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close this folderKey Considerations in Granting Wildland Biodiversity Research Agreements
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View the document1) Collecting Permit vs. Research Agreement
View the document2) Biological Damage vs. Economic Benefits
View the document3) Who needs a research agreement?
View the document4) Who Signs Research Agreements?
View the document5) Protecting Biodiversity Information
View the document6) Violating, Re-evaluating, and Terminating Research Agreements
View the document7) Who Pays for Tropical Research and its Management and in What Coin?
View the document8) How Should Research Gains and Compensations be Distributed?
View the document9) Biodiversity Information in the "Public Domain"
View the document10) Market Forces and Research Agreements on Tropical Biodiversity
close this folderVI. An Intellectual Property Rights Framework for Biodiversity Prospecting
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntellectual Property and Public Policy
close this folderGuidelines for Applying Intellectual Property Rights
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View the document1. Trade Secrets
View the document2. Utility Patents
View the document3. Plant Breeders' Rights
View the document4. Petty Patents
View the document5. Trademarks
View the document6. Copyright
View the document7. Intellectual Property Management
View the documentSui generis Biodiversity Prospecting Rights
close this folderRecurring Problems with an Intellectual Property Approach
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View the document1. Ownership
View the document2. The Complexity of Life
View the document3. Derivation
View the document4. Valuation
View the document5. The Limits of Intellectual Property
View the document6. Equity and Indigenous Rights
View the document7. Ethics
View the document8. International Legal Inconsistencies
View the documentIntellectual Property in a Framework of Laws
View the documentThe Convention on Biological Diversity's Effect on Intellectual Property Law
View the documentConclusion
View the documentNotes
View the documentBibliography
close this folderVII. Policy Options for Scientific and Technological Capacity-Building
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View the documentNational Innovation Policy and Biodiversity
View the documentLinking Biotechnology to Biodiversity
View the documentBiotechnology Transfer
View the documentTechnology Assessment
View the documentBlind Alleys and Windows of Opportunity
View the documentNotes
View the documentBibliography
close this folderAnnex 1 - The Role of the Parataxonomists, Inventory Managers, and Taxonomists in Costa Rica's National Biodiversity Inventory
View the document(introduction...)
close this folderThe Parataxonomists
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View the documentA Chronological History of the Parataxonomists
View the documentThe First Parataxonomist Course: January-July 1989
View the documentThe Second Parataxonomy Course: May through August 1990
View the documentThe Third Parataxonomy Course: January-June 1992
View the documentQuestions Commonly Asked About Parataxonomists
close this folderINBio Inventory Managers and Collections Management
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View the documentThe Demands of the Job
View the documentWhat do INBio Inventory Managers Need to do Their Work?
View the documentWhere Does the Inventory Manager Come From?
View the documentHigher Degrees vs. On-the-job Training
View the documentNational vs. Regional Inventory Managers
View the documentRemaining Barriers
close this folderTaxonomists
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View the documentRegional and National versus Monographic Work
close this folderAnnex 2 - Biodiversity Prospecting Contract
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View the documentI. Introduction - Using the Draft Contract
View the documentII. Draft Contract
View the documentIII. Appendices to Draft Contract Between Pharmaceutical Company and Sample Collector
View the documentIV. Commentary on Contract Provisions
close this folderV. General Legal Background
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View the documentA. Legal Framework for Contracts
View the documentB. International Laws That Could Affect International Biodiversity Prospecting Agreements
close this folderAnnex 3 - The Convention on Biological Diversity and Intellectual Property Rights
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close this folderConvention on Biological Diversity
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View the documentArticle 2:
View the documentArticle 3:
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View the documentArticle 7:
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View the documentArticles 20 and 21:
View the documentArticle 22:
View the documentArticle 25:
View the documentArticle 27:
View the documentAgenda 21
View the documentConclusion
View the documentReferences
close this folderAnnex 4 - United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity
View the documentPreamble
View the documentAnnex I - Identification and Monitoring
close this folderAnnex II
View the documentPart 1 - Arbitration
View the documentPart 2 - Conciliation
View the documentAbout the Authors
View the documentAbout the Institutions