|Enabling the Safe Use of Biotechnology Principles and Practice (World Bank, 1996)|
The World Bank has a long-standing interest in fostering the safe and effective use of a wide variety of new technologies that enable environmentally sustainable development in its member countries. It recognizes that modern biotechnologies are a key component in the production of food, fiber, and fuel, especially in developing countries. These technologies are critical in protecting the environment, including safely disposing of environmental waste, and in better characterizing and conserving biological diversity.
In fostering wider use of modern biotechnologies, the World Bank is concerned that these powerful new tools be used safely and that they protect human health and the environment. In this context it has commissioned a review of the principles and procedures for the safe use of biotechnology, developed by a variety of governments and international agencies.
This volume describes the enabling environment required by a country to acquire the powerful new tools of biotechnology to assess their potential usefulness. It is designed to guide policymakers through the issues and scientific principles that underlie the assessment of any risk associated with the use of the products and the processes of modern biotechnology.
Model practices are included for planned introduction of organisms with navel traits and their products into the environment. Containment systems are recommended for the safe use of such organisms. The principles of good laboratory and industrial large-scale practice for use in individual countries, as recommended by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development, are summarized.
This volume is intended to be a reference for those responsible for implementing research and development programs on the use of modem biotechnology. It is also a reference for the regulatory framework that governs the development and use of the products and processes of biotechnology. We trust that this information will be helpful to those responsible for establishing and implementing regulatory systems that enable the safe use of biotechnology, especially in developing countries.
Ismail Serageldin Vice President Environmentally Sustainable Development The World Bank