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close this bookBoiling Point No. 12 - April 1987 (ITDG Boiling Point, 1987)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentAlternative fuels - One way to reduce woodfuel demand
View the documentWood and Charcoal Community Stoves in Kenya
View the documentHow to Design and Make the ''One Stove with Double Pots''
View the documentThe Niger Multimarmite Stove
View the documentCharcoal Programme of the Philippines
View the documentReport on Prospects for the Urban & Industrial Uses of Charcoal in Malawi
View the documentAgricultural Residues in Farming Systems
View the documentRural Fuel Scarcities - Trends, Causes and Solutions
View the documentGroundnut Shell Briquetting the Gambia
View the documentBriquetting from Agriculture and Forestry Waste
View the documentEvaluation of Briquette Acceptability in Niger
View the documentKerosine Stoves in Haiti
View the documentThe Kerosine Option
View the documentGas Fuelled Stoves
View the documentElectricity Storage Cooking
View the documentA New Stove for the Household Production of Palm Sugar
View the documentSpreading Stove Technology
View the documentImproved Chulha: Hasty Analysis
View the documentNEWS
View the documentWomen's Technology Workshop Tonga - June '86
View the documentI.T. PUBLICATIONS

Alternative fuels - One way to reduce woodfuel demand

Many stove programmes originated with the specific intention of reducing deforestation, and consequently tended to concentrate on fuelwood and on ways to reduce its consumption. This often led to a concentration on developing efficient ways of using fuelwood rather than looking for direct substitutes. This is very understandable: most programmes started in the early '80s when fossil fuels were rising very fast and other renewable energy technologies were very expensive.

The picture has now changed drastically and a rethink of strategies for stopping deforestation is necessary. While fuel-efficient stoves have their part to play - especially in rural areas - there now appears to bean increasing range of options for at least urban dwellers in many countries.

Briquetting technologies are becoming more productive and cheaper - especially as fuelwood prices climb steeply in many parts of the world. Kerosene prices have more than halved since the early '80s, and with prices unlikely to rise relative to general price levels in the medium term, kerosine becomes an alternative option for many urban settings. LPG can similarly have advantages.

While solar cooking remains largely a glint in engineers' eyes and unpopular with users, some of the new convective designs may have relevance for refugee camps and institutions. Slow cookers and storage cookers powered by electricity are also becoming cheaper and more attractive, especially where there is ballast electricity from hydro or photo-voltaics.

Sometimes we are guilty of addressing fuelwood problems from too narrow a perspective. It is time that we removed our blinkers and considered all the possible options to removing the fuelwood constraint in the most attractive way to users and in the most effective way for a country